TITLE: Glaucophane HS426 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: HS426

MINERAL_TYPE: Inosilicate

MINERAL: Glaucophane (Amphibole group)

FORMULA: Na2(Mg,Fe+2)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2

FORMULA_HTML: Na2(Mg,Fe+2)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: California

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Forms series with Ferroglaucophane.

Original spectrum published in: Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff, 1973, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: VI. Additional silicates. Modern Geology, v. 4, p. 85-106.

With the comment:"The iron-free end member is very rare, and in most glaucophane there is some replacement of Mg by Fe2+ and of Al by Fe3+. Such substitution results in the broad absorption from 0.6 to 1.0µm. The 1.4µm hydroxyl band is quite evident, and the 2.32µm feature is the best resolved band in the spectrum. The 1.9µm band indicates that a little included water is present."

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Analysis by Norma Vergo indicates glaucophane + chlorite + others.

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE: None

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

None.

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

Mineral Mode:
60 vol% glaucophane
25 vol% chlorite
12 vol% qtz or feldspar
3 vol% muscovite

avg gr sz of glauconite only = 284 µm

Glaucophane has light blue-purple pleochroism, amphibole cleavage, length slow, biaxial (-), small Z angle C, all consistent with glaucophane. This sample spectrum shows 2.3 µm bands due to chlorite. I suggest cleaning up 4B and crushing hand picked grains. G. Swayze.

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1_2_3_4_

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment

LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 1771 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.= 284 µm

LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r ____ 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=

LIB_SPECTRA: splib06a r ____ 1.5-25µm 250 g.s.=