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Planetary Papers, Abstracts and Press Releases

http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov

This page has papers and references to planetary spectroscopy and interpretations. It does not include papers of a laboratory nature unless they specifically discuss planetary interpretations. Laboratory and algorithm development references are located in: Laboratory Spectroscopy, Theories, and Methodology. and for software: Software (spectroscopy, imaging, and others)


Papers

Vermilion, J. R., Clark, R. N., Green, T. F., Seamans, J. F., and Yantis, W. F., 1974, A low resolution map of Europa from four occultations by Io: Icarus, 23, p. 89-96.

Green, T. F., Vermilion, J. R., Shorthill, R. W., and Clark, R. N., 1975, The spectral reflectivity of select areas on Europa: Icarus, 25, p. 405-415.

Huguenin, R. L., Clark, R. N., and McCord, T. B., 1978, Mars: Remote spectral identification of H2O frost and mineral hydrate, in Colloquium on Planet, Water and Polar Processes, 2nd, Proceedings: U.S. Army Cold Regions Laboratory, p. 100-108.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., and Huguenin, R. L., 1978, Mars: Near infrared spectral reflectance and compositional implications: Journal of Geophysical Research, 83, p. 5433-5441.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., and Huguenin, R. L., 1978, Mars: Near-infrared spectral reflectance and compositional implication: Planetary Geology Principal Investigator's Meeting, v. IX, Tucson, Proceedings, NASA.

Clark, R. N., 1979, Planetary reflectance measurements in the region of planetary thermal emission: Icarus, 40, p. 94-103.

Clark, R. N., and McCord, T. B., 1979, Jupiter and Saturn: Near-infrared spectral albedos: Icarus, 40, p. 180-188.

Fanale, F. P., Brown, R. H., Cruikshank, D. P., and Clark, R. N., 1979, Significance of absorption features in Io's infrared reflectance spectrum: Nature, 280, p. 761-763.

McCord, T. B., and Clark, R. N., 1979, The mercury soil: Presence of Fe2+: Lunar and Planetary Science, v. X, p. 789-791.

McCord, T. B., and Clark, R. N., 1979, Atmospheric extinction 0.65-2.50 μm above Mauna Kea: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 91, p. 571-576.

McCord, T. B., and Clark, R. N., 1979, Newly defined IR electronic absorption features in telescopic reflectance spectra: The lunar case: Lunar and Planetary Science, v. X, p. 792-794.

McCord, T. B., and Clark, R. N., 1979, The mercury soil: Presence of Fe2+: Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, p. 7664-7668.

McCord, T. B., Singer R. B., and Clark, R. N., 1979, Mars surface composition from reflectance spectroscopy--A summary: National Aeronautical Space Administration Conference Publication 2072, p. 56-57.

Singer, R. B., McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Adams, J. B., and Huguenin, R. L., 1979, Mars surface composition from reflectance spectroscopy--A summary: Journal of Geophysical Research, 84, p. 8415-8426.

Clark, R. N., 1980, Spectroscopic studies of water and water/regolith mixtures on planetary surfaces at low temperatures: Ph.D. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, p. 337.

Clark, R. N., 1980, The surface condensates on Mars observed by Viking: Frost layers several tenths of a millimeter thick: Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XI, p. 160-161.

Clark, R. N., 1980, New compositional information of Europa, Ganymede, Callisto and Saturn's rings: Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XI, p. 157-159.

Clark, R. N., 1980, Ganymede, Europa, Callisto, and Saturn's rings: Compositional analysis from reflectance spectroscopy: Icarus, 44, p. 388-409.

Clark, R. N., 1980, Remote sensing of water frost and ice on planetary surfaces using near-infrared spectrophotometric techniques, in Smith, J., ed., Colloquium on Planetary Water, 3rd, Buffalo, Proceedings: University of New York, p.150-158.

Clark, R. N., and McCord, T. B., 1980, The Galilean satellites: New near- infrared reflectance measurements (0.65-2.5 μm) and a 0.325 micron summary: Icarus, 41, p. 323-339.

Clark, R. N., and McCord, T. B., 1980, The rings of Saturn: New near-infrared reflectance measurements and a 0.326-4.08 micron summary: Icarus, 43, p. 161-168.

Clark, R. N., 1981, The spectral reflectance of water-mineral mixtures at low temperatures: Journal of Geophysical Research, 86, p. 3074-3086.

Clark, R. N., 1981, Water frost and ice: The near-infrared spectral reflectance 0.65-2.5 μm: Journal of Geophysical Research, 86, p. 3087-3096.

Clark, R. N., and Owensby, P. D., 1981, The infrared spectrum of Rhea: Icarus, 46, p. 354-360.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Hawke, B. R., McFadden, L. A., Owensby, P. D., Pieters, C. M., and Adams, J. B., 1981, Remote detection of olivine, pyroxene, and plagioclase: Analysis of three lunar sites: Lunar and Planetary Science, v. XII, p. 679-681.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Hawke, B. R., McFadden, L. A., Owensby, P. D., Pieters, C. M., and Adams, J. B., 1981, Moon: Near-infrared spectral reflectance, a first good look: Journal of Geophysical Research, 86, p. 10883-10892.

Clark, R. N., 1982, Implications of using broadband photometry for compositional remote sensing of icy objects: Icarus, 49, p. 244-257.

Clark, R. N. and McCord, T. B., 1982, Mars residual north polar cap: Earth-based spectroscopic confirmation of water ice as a major constituent and evidence for hydrated minerals: Journal of Geophysical Research, 87, p. 367-370.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Meloy, A., Nelson, M., Johnson, T. V., Matson, D., Mosher, J. A., and Soderblom, Lawrence, 1982, Spectral unit maps of Europa, in Lunar and Planet Science Conference, Houston: Lunar Planetary Institute, v. XIII, p. 485-486.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., and Singer, R. N., 1982, Mars: Near-infrared reflectance spectra of surface regions and compositional implication: Journal of Geophysical Research, 87, p. 3021-3032.

McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Meloy, A., Singer, R. B., Adams, J. B., and El Baz F., 1982, An example of the application of a procedure for determining the extent of erosional and depositional features and rock and soil units in the Kharga Oasis Region, Egypt, using remote sensing: International Symposia on Remote Sensing of Environment, Cairo, Egypt, Proceedings, p. 909-919.

Sill, G. T., and Clark, R. N., 1982, Composition of the surfaces of the Galilean satellites, in Morrison, D., ed., The Satellites of Jupiter: University of Arizona Press, Tucson, p. 174-212. (Invited book Chapter)

Clark, R. N., 1983, Spectral properties of mixtures of montmorillonite and dark carbon grains: Implications for remote sensing minerals containing chemically and physically adsorbed water: Journal of Geophysical Research, 88, p. 10635-10644.

Clark, R. N., 1983, Ice-soil mixtures: Visual and near-infrared remote sensing techniques, in International Conference on Permafrost, 4th, Washington, D. C., Proceedings: National Academy Press, p. 158-162.

Clark, R. N., Fanale, F. P., and Zent, A. P., 1983, Kinetics of ice grain growth: Implications for remote sensing of planetary surfaces: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, v. XIV, p. 120-121.

Clark, R. N., Fanale, F. P., and Zent, A. P., 1983, Frost grain size metamorphism: Implications for remote sensing of planetary surfaces: Icarus, 56, p. 233-245.

Fanale, F. P., and Clark, R. N., 1983, Solar system ices and Mars permafrost, in International Conference on Permafrost, 4th, Washington, D. C., Proceedings: National Academy Press, p. 289-294.

Nelson, M. L., McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Johnson, T. V., and Matson, D., 1983, Spectral evidence for magnetic interactions with the surfaces of the icy Galilean satellites, in Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston: Lunar Planetary Institute, v. XIV, p. 554-555.

Clark, R. N., Brown, R. H., Owensby, P. D., Nelson, M. L., and Steele, A., 1984, Saturn's satellites: Near-infrared spectrophotometry (0.65-2.5 microns) of the leading and trailing sides and compositional implications: Icarus, 58, p. 265-281.

Clark, R. N., and Lucey, P. G., 1984, Spectral properties of ice-particulate mixtures and implications for remote sensing I: Intimate mixtures: Journal of Geophysical Research, 89, p. 6341-6348.

Clark, R. N., and Roush, T. L., 1984, Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications: Journal of Geophysical Research, 89, p. 6329-6340.

Cruikshank, D. P., Brown, R. H., and Clark, R. N., 1984, Nitrogen on Triton: Icarus, 58, p. 293-305.

Cruikshank, D. P., Brown, R. H., and Clark, R. N., 1985, Methane ice on Triton and Pluto, in Klinger, J., et al., eds., Ices in the Solar System: D. Reidel Publishing Company, p. 817-827.

Brown, R. H. and Clark, R. N., 1984, Surface of Miranda: Identification of water ice: Icarus, 58, p. 288-292.

Lucey, P. G., and Clark, R. N., 1984, Spectral properties of water ice and contaminants, in Klinger, J. et al., eds., Ices in the Solar System: D. Reidel Publishing Company, p. 155-168.

Clark, R. N., 1985, Determination of mineral type, abundance, and grain size with remotely obtained reflectance spectra, in Reports of the Planetary Geology Program: National Aeronautical Space Administration Technical Memorandum 87563, p. 418-420.

Clark, R. N., Fanale, F. P., and Gaffey, M. J., 1986, Surface composition of natural satellites, in Burns, J. and Matthews, M. S., eds., Satellites: University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 437-491. (Invited book Chapter)

Singer, R. B., Owensby, P. D., and Clark, R. N., 1985, Observed upper limits for clay minerals on Mars, in Lunar and planetary Science Conference XVI: Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.

Clark, R. N., Salisbury, J. W., King, T. V. V., and Swayze, G. A., 1986, Laboratory reflection spectroscopy of ices and other minerals, in Laboratory Measurements for Planetary Science: Observatoire de Paris at Meudon, p. 4-2.

Nelson, M. L., McCord, T. B., Clark, R. N., Johnson, T. V., Matson, D., Mosher, J., and Soderblom, Lawrence, 1986, Europa: Characterization and interpretation of global spectral surface units: Icarus, 65, 121-151.

Clark, R. N., King, T. V. V., Klejwa, M., Swayze, G. A., Vergo, N., 1990, High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals: Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, p. 12653-12680.

Brown, R.H., Cruikshank, D.P., Tokunaga, A.T., Smith, R.G., and Clark, R.N., 1989, Search for Volatiles on Icy Satellites I: Europa: Icarus, 74, p. 262-271, 1988.

Clark, R. N., Singer, R. B., Swayze, G. A., and Tokunaga A., 1988, Discovery of Globally-Distributed Scapolite on Mars: Fourth International Mars Conference, January 10-13, 1989, 82-83.

Nelson, M. L., and Clark, R. N., 1988, Application of Radiative Transfer Theory to the Spectra of Mineral Mixtures: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX, p. 846-847.

Clark, R.N., 1989, Drawing Mars from Video: Sky and Telescope, 77, p476-476.

Clark, R.N., Swayze, G. A., Singer, R. B., and Pollack, J. B., 1990, High Resolution Reflectance Spectra of Mars in the 2.3-micron Region: Evidence for the Mineral Scapolite: J. Geophys. Res., 95, p. 14463-14480.

Calvin, W.M. and R.N. Clark, 1991, Modeling the Reflectance Spectrum of Callisto: Icarus 89, 305-317.

Clark, R.N., Swayze, G. A., Singer, R. B., and Pollack, J. B., 1989, Scapolite on Mars: NASA Technical Memorandum 4130, p. 264-266.

King, T.V.V., R.N. Clark, W.M. Calvin, D.M. Sherman, and R.H. Brown, 1991, Evidence for Ammonium-bearing minerals on Ceres: XXII Planetary Science Conference, Houston, Texas, March 18-22, 1991, pp. 717-718.

Calvin, W.M., R.N. Clark, and T.V.V. King, 1991, New spectral observations of Callisto and leading/trailing hemisphere distinctions: XXII Planetary Science Conference,Houston, Texas, March 18-22, 1991, pp. 171-173.

King, T.V.V., R. Clark, W.M. Calvin, D.M. Sherman, and R.H. Brown, 1991, Evidence for ammonium-bearing minerals on Ceres: Science, 255, 1551-1553, 1992.

Christensen, P.R., D.L. Anderson, C.C. Stillman, R.N. Clark, H.H. Kieffer, M.C. Malin, J.C. Pearl, J.C. Carpenter, N.B. Bandera, F.G. Brown, and S. Silverman, 1992, Thermal Emission Spectrometer Experiment: Mars Observer Mission, J. Geophys. Res. 97 7719-7734.

Calvin, W.M., and R.N. Clark, 1993, Spectral Distinctions between the Leading and Trailing Hemispheres of Callisto: New Observations: Icarus, 104, 69-78.

Clark, R.N., G.A. Swayze, A.J. Gallagher, T.V.V. King, and W.M. Calvin, 1993, The U. S. Geological Survey, Digital Spectral Library: Version 1: 0.2 to 3.0 microns USGS Open File Report 93-592, 4 volumes, 1340 pp. Online at: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov

Clark, R.N., G.A. Swayze, T.V.V. King, A.J. Gallagher, and W.M. Calvin, 1993, The U. S. Geological Survey, Digital Spectral Library: Version 1: 0.2 to 3.0 μm Summaries of the Fourth Annual JPL Airborne Geosciences Workshop, Volume 1: AVIRIS Workshop. JPL Publication 93-26, 37-38.

Calvin, W.M., King, T.V.V., and Clark, R.N.,1994, A Reanalysis of Mariner Data with indications of Hydrous Carbonates on Mars: Jour. Geophys. Res., 99, p. 14,659-14,675.

Clark, R.N., 1995, Reflectance Spectra, in AGU Reference Shelf 3, Rock Physics and Phase relations, A Handbook of Physical Constants, (T. J. Ahrens, Ed.) pp. 178-188, (Invited book Chapter).

Calvin, W.M., R.N. Clark, R.H. Brown, and J.R. Spencer, 1995, Spectra of the Icy Galilean Satellites from 0.2 to 5 m: A Compilation, New Observations, and a Recent Summary, J. Geophys. Research, 100, 19041-19048.

Carlson, R, W. Smythe, K. Baines, E. Barbinas, R. Burns, S. Calcutt, W. Calvin, R. Clark, G. Danielson, A. Davies, P. Drossart, T. Encrenaz, F. Fanale, J. Granahan, G. Hansen, P. Hererra, C. Hibbitts, J. Hui, P. Irwin, T. Johnson, L. Kamp, H. Kieffer, F. Leader, R. Lopes-Gautier, D. Matson, T. McCord, R. Mehlman, A. Ocampo, G. Orton, M. Roos-Serote, M. Segura, J. Shirley, L. Soderblom, A. Stevenson, F. Taylor, A. Weir, P. Weissman, 1996, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Spectral Mapping of Jupiter and the Galilean Satellites: First Results from Galileo's Initial Orbit. Science, 274, 385-388.

McCord, T.B., R.W. Carlson, W.D. Smythe, G.B. Hansen, R.N. Clark, C.A. Hibbits, F.P. Fanale, J.C. Granahan, M. Segura, D.L. Matson, T.V. Johnson, P.D. Martin, G.E. Danielson, and the NIMS team, 1997, Organics and Other Molecules in the Surface of the Icy Galilean Satellites, Science, 278, 271-275.

Carlson, R.W., W.D. Smythe, R. Lopes-Gautier, A.G. Davies, L.W. Kamp, J.A. Mosher, L.A. Soderblom, F.E. Leader, R.H. Mehlman, R.N. Clark, and F.P. Fanale, 1997, The Distribution of Sulfur Dioxide and Other Infrared Absorbers on the Surface of Io in 1996, Geophys. Res. Letters, 24, 2479-2482.

Christensen, P.R., D.L. Anderson, S.C. Chase, R.T. Clancy, R.N. Clark, B.J. Conrath, H.H. Kieffer, R.O. Kuzman, M.C. Malin, J.C. Pearl, T.L. Roush, and M.D. Smith, 1998, Initial Results from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer Investigation, Science, 279, 1692-1698.

McCord, T.B., G.B. Hansen, R.N. Clark, P.D. Martin, C.A. Hibbits, F.P. Fanale, J.C. Granahan, M. Segura, D.L. Matson, T.V. Johnson, R.W. Carlson, W.D. Smythe,,, G.E. Danielson, and the NIMS team, 1998, Non-Water-Ice Constituents in the Surface Material of the Icy Galilean Satellites from the Galileo Near-Infrared Mapping Spectrometer Investigation, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 8603-8626.

Clark, R.N., 1999, Chapter 1: Spectroscopy of Rocks and Minerals and Principles of Spectroscopy, Manual of Remote Sensing, (A.N. Rencz, ed.) John Wiley and Sons, New York, p 3-58, 1999. (Invited book chapter) Online at: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov

Carlson, R.W., M.S. Anderson, R.E. Johnson. W.D. Smythe, A.R. Hendrix, C.A. Barth, L.A. Soderblom, G.B. Hansen, T.B. McCord, J.B. Dalton, R.N. Clark, J.H. Shirley, A.C. Ocampo, and D.L. Matson, 1999. Hydrogen Peroxide on the Surface of Europa, Science, 283, 2062-2064.

Christensen, P.R., J. L. Bandfield, R. N. Clark, K. S. Edget, V. E. Hamilton, T. Hoefen, H. H. Kieffer, R.O. Kuzmin, M.D. Lane, M.C. Malin, R.V. Morris, J.C. Pearl, R. Pearson, T.L. Roush, S. W. Ruff, and M. D. Smith, 2000, Detection of Crystalline Hematite Mineralization on Mars by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer: Evidence for Near-Surface Water. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9623-9644.

Christensen, P.R., J. L. Bandfield, M. D. Smith, V. E. Hamilton, and R. N. Clark, 2000, Identification of a Basaltic Component on the Martian Surface from Thermal Emission Spectrometer Data, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9609-9622.

Baines, K.H., G. Bellucci, J.P. Bebring, R.H. Brown, E. Bussoletti, F. Capaccioni, R. Cerroni. R.N. Clark, A. Coradini, D.P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jauman, Y. Langevin, D.L. Matson, T.B. McCord, V. Mennella, R.M. Nelson, P.D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, G.B. Hansen, J.J. Aiello, and S. Amici (the Cassini VIMS team), 2000, Detection of sub-micron radiation from the surface of Venus by the Cassini/VIMS, Icarus, 148, 307-311.

Christensen, P. R., Bandfield, J. L., Hamilton, V. E., Ruff, S. W., Kieffer, H. H., Titus, T. N., Malin, M. C., Morris, R. V., Lane, M. D., Clark, R. N., Jakosky, B. M., Mellon, M. T., Pearl, J. C., Conrath, B. J., Smith, M. D., Clancy, R. T., Kuzmin, R. O., Roush, T., Mehall, G. L., Gorelick, N., Bender, K., Murray, K., Dason, S., Greene, E., Silverman, S., and Greenfield, M., Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer experiment: Investigation description and surface science results J. Geophys. Res. 106, No. E10 , p. 23,823-23,871, 2001.

Ruff, S. W, Christensen, P. R., Clark, R. N., Kieffer, H. H., Malin, M. C., Bandfield, J. L., Jakosky, B. M., Lane, M. D., Mellon, M. T., Presley, M. A., 2001, Mars' "White Rock" feature lacks evidence of an aqueous origin: Result from Mars Global Surveyor J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 106 , No. E10 , p. 23,921, 23,928.

Brown, R. H., Baines, K. H., Bellucci, G., Bibring, J.-P., Buratti, B. J., Capaccioni, F., Cerroni, P., Clark, R. N., Coradini, A., Cruikshank, D. P., Drossart, P., Formisano, V., Jaumann, R., Langevin, Y., Matson, D. L., McCord, T. B., Mennella, V., Nelson, R. M., Nicholson, P. D., Sicardy, B., Sotin, C., Amici, S., Chamberlain, M. A., Filacchione, G., Hansen, G., Hibbitts, K., Showalter, M., 2003, Observations with the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) during the Cassini Jupiter Flyby: Icarus, Vol. 164, p. 461-470.

Clark, R.N., Swayze, G.A., Livo, K.E., Kokaly, R.F., Sutley, S.J., Dalton, J.B., McDougal, R.R., and Gent, C.A., 2003, Imaging spectroscopy: Earth and planetary remote sensing with the USGS Tetracorder and expert systems, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108(E12), 5131, doi:10.1029/2002JE001847, p. 5-1 to 5-44, December, 2003. http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/PAPERS/tetracorder

Clark, R.N., Swayze, G.A., Wise, R., Livo, E., Hoefen, T., Kokaly, R., Sutley, S.J., 2003, USGS digital spectral library splib05a: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-395. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/ofr-03-395

Hoefen, T., Clark, R.N., Bandfield, J.L., Smith, M.D., Pearl, J.C., 2003, Christen, Discovery of Olivine in the Nili Fossae region of Mars: Science, Vol. 302, p. 627-630.

Brown, R.H., Baines, K.H., Bellucci, J.P., Bibring, B.J., Buratti, E., Bussoletti, F., Capaccioni, P., Cerroni, P., Clark, R.N., Coradini, D.P., Cruikshank, P., Drossart, Y., Formisano, R., Jaumann, Y., Langevin, D.J., Matson, T.R., 2005, The Cassini visual and infrared mapping spectrometer investigation: Space Science Reviews, 115 (1-4), 111-168.

Moore, J.M., Chapman, C.R., Bierhaus, E.B., Greeley, R., Chuang, F.C., Klemaszewski, J., Clark, R.N., Dalton, J.B., Hibbitts, C.A., Schenk, P.M., Spencer, J.R., and Wagner, R., 2004, "Callisto" - Chapter 17 in Jupiter, F. Bagenal, T.E. Dowling, and W.B. McKinnon, (eds.), Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, p. 397-426.

McCord, T. B., Brown, R., Baines, K., Bellucci, G., Bibring, J.-P., Buratti, B., Capaccioni, F., Cerroni, P., Clark, R.N., Coradini, A., Cruikshank, D., Drossar, P., Formisano, V., Jaumann, R., Langevin, Y., Matson, D., Mennella, V., Nelson, R., Nicholson, P., Sicardy, B., Sotin, C., Hansen, G., Hibbitts, C., 2004, Cassini VIMS observations of the Galilean satellites, including the VIMS calibration procedure: Icarus, Vol. 172, p. 104-126., 2004,

Clark, R.N., R. H. Brown, R. Jaumann, D. P. Cruikshank, R. M. Nelson, B. J. Buratti, T. B. McCord, J. Lunine, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, A. Coradini, V. Formisano, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, V. Mennella, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, T. M. Hoefen, J. M. Curchin, G. Hansen, K. Hibbits & K.-D. Matz, 2005, Compositional maps of Saturn's moon Phoebe from imaging spectroscopy, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature03558 May, 2005. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v435/n7038/full/nature03558.html

Sotin, C., R. Jaumann, B. J. Buratti, R. H. Brown4, R. N. Clark, L. A. Soderblom, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, S. LeMouelic, S. Rodriguez, K. Stephan & C. K. Scholz, 2005, Release of volatiles from a possible cryovolcano from near-infrared imaging of Titan: Nature, 435, 9 June 2005, doi:10.1038nature03596. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v435/n7043/full/nature03596.html

Brown, R. H. K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, B. J. Buratti, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. N. Clark, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, G. B. Hansen, C. A. Hibbitts, T.W. Momary, and M. R. Showalter, 2006, Observations in the Saturn system during approach and orbital insertion, with Cassini’s Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS): Astronomy and Astrophysics 446, p. 707-716, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20053054. http://www.edpsciences.org/articles/aa/abs/2006/05/aa3054-05/aa3054-05.html

Buratti, B. J., D. P. Cruikshank, R. H. Brown, R. N. Clark, J. M. Bauer, R. Jaumann, T. B. McCord, D. P. Simonelli, C. A. Hibbitts, G. B. Hansen, T. C. Owen, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, A. Coradini, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, V. Mennella, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, T. L. Roush, K. Soderlund, and A. Muradyan, 2005, Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer Observations of Iapetus: Detection of CO2: Astrophysical Journal, 622, p. L149-L152. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2005ApJ...622L.149B&db_key=AST&high=3f7b4371b122441

Barnes, J. W. R. H. Brown, E. P. Turtle, A. S. McEwen, R. D. L., M. Janssen, E. L. Schaller, M. E. Brown, B. J. Buratti, C. Sotin, C. Griffith, R. Clark, J. Perry, S. Fussner, J. Barbara, R. West, C. Elachi, A. H. Bouchez, H. G. Roe, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, 2005, A 5-μm bright spot on Titan: Evidence for surface diversity: Science 310, p. 92-94. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/310/5745/92

Griffith, C. A., P. Penteado, K. Baines, P. Drossart, J. Barnes, G. Bellucci, J. Bibring, R. Brown, B. Buratti, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. Clark, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. Cruikshank, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. Matson, T. McCord, V. Mennella, R. Nelson, P. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, L. A. Soderblom, R. Kursinski, 2005, The evolution of Titan's mid-latitude clouds: Science, 310, p. 474-477. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/310/5747/474

Brown, R. H., R. N. Clark, B. J. Buratti, D. P. Cruikshank, J. W. Barnes, R. M. E. Mastrapa, J. Bauer, S. Newman, T. Momary, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, T. B. McCord, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin, 2006, Composition and Physical Properties of Enceladus Surface: Science, 311, p. 1425-1428. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/311/5766/1425

Baines, K. H., T. W. Momary, B. J. Buratti, D. L. Matson, R. M. Nelson, P. Drossart, B. Sicardy, V. Formisano, G. Bellucci, A. Coradini, C. Griffith, R. H. Brown, J. P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, R. N. Clark, M. Combes, D. P. Cruikshank, R. Jaumann, T. B. McCord, V. Mennella, P. D. Nicholson, C. Sotin, 2005, The Atmospheres of Saturn and Titan in the Near-Infrared: First Results of Cassini/VIMS: Earth, Moon, and Planets, DOI 10.1007/s11038-005-9058-2.

McCord , T. B., G. B. Hansen, E. D'Aversa, K. H. Baines, R. H. Brown, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, D. P. Cruikshank, G. Filacchione, V. Formisano, C. A. Griffith, C. A. Hibbitts, R. Jaumann, J. I. Lunine, R. M. Nelson, L. Soderblom, C. Sotin, and the Cassini VIMS Team, 2006, Composition of Titan's Surface From Cassini VIMS: Planetary and Space Science, 54 Issue 15, 2006.

Jaumann, R., K. Stephan, R.H. Brown, T. B. McCord, A. Coradini, F. Capaccioni, G. Filacchione, R. N. Clark, P. Cerroni, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J.-P. Bibring, B. J. Buratti, E. Bussoletti, M. Combes, D. P. Cruikshank, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nickolson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin T. Roatsch, F. Scholten, K.-D. Matz, 2006, High resolution CASSINI-VIMS mosaics of Titan and the icy Saturnian satellites, Planetary And Space Science, 54 Issue 12, p. 1146-1155, 2006.

Baines, K. H., P. Drossart, M. A. Lopez, Valverde, S. Atreya, C. Sotin, T. W. Momary, R.H. Brown, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nickolson, 2006, On the Discovery of CO Nighttime Emissions on Titan by Cassini/VIMS: Vertical Profiles, Derived Abundances, and Geological Implications: Planetary and Space Science, Dec 2006, 54 Issue 15, 2006.

Rodriguez, S., S. Le Mouelic, C. Sotin, H. Clenet, R.N. Clark, B. Buratti, R.H. Brown, T.B. McCord, and the VIMS team, 2006, Cassini/VIMS hyperspectral observations of the HUYGENS landing site on Titan: Planetary and Space Science, 54 Issue 15, p. 1510-1523, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2006.06.016 2006.

Barnes, JW, Brown, RH, Radebaugh, J, Buratti, BJ, Sotin, C, Le Mouelic, S, Rodriguez, S, Turtle, EP, Perry, J, Clark, R, Baines, KH, Nicholson, PD, 2006, Cassini observations of flow-like features in western Tui Regio, Titan", Geophysical Research Letters, Aug 30 2006, Volume 33 Issue 16, doi:10.1029/2006GL026843.

Griffith, CA, Penteado, P, Rannou, P, Brown, R, Boudon, V, Baines, KH, Clark, R, Drossart, P, Buratti, B, Nicholson, P, McKay, CP, Coustenis, A, Negrao, A, Jaumann, R, 2006, Evidence for a polar cloud on Titan, Science, 313 Issue 5793, 1620-1622, DOI: 10.1126/science.1128245.

Buratti, BJ, Sotin, C, Brown, RH, Hicks, MD, Clark, RN, Mosher, JA, McCord, TB, Jaumann, R, Baines, KH, Nicholson, PD, Momary, T, Simonelli, DP, Sicardy, B, 2006, Titan: Preliminary results on surface properties and photometry from VIMS observations of the early flybys, Planetary And Space Science, Dec 2006, Volume 54 Issue 15, 2006.

Nelson, RM, Brown, RH, Hapke, BW, Smythe, WD, Kamp, L, Boryta, MD, Leader, F, Baines, KH, Bellucci, G, Bibring, JP, Buratti, BJ, Capaccioni, F, Cerroni, P, Clark, RN, Combes, M, Coradini, A, Cruikshank, DP, Drossart, P, Formisano, V, Jaumann, R, Langevin, Y, Matson, DL, McCord, TB, Mennella, V, Nicholson, PD, Sicardy, B, Sotin, C., 2006, Photometric properties of Titan's surface from Cassini VIMS: Relevance to titan's hemispherical albedo dichotomy and surface stability, Planetary And Space Science, Dec 2006, Volume 54 Issue 15, 2006.

Baines, KH, Drossart, P, Lopez-Valverde, MA, Atreya, SK, Sotin, C, Momary, TW, Brown, RH, Buratti, BJ, Clark, RN, Nicholson, PD, 2006, On the discovery of CO nighttime emissions on Titan by Cassini/VIMS: Derived stratospheric abundances and geological implications, Planetary And Space Science, Dec 2006, Volume 54 Issue 15.

Filacchione, G, Capaccioni, F, McCord, TB, Coradini, A, Cerroni, P, Bellucci, G, Tosi, F, D'Aversa, E, Formisano, V, Brown, RH, Baines, KH, Bibring, JP, Buratti, BJ, Clark, RN, Combes, M, Cruikshank, DP, Drossart, P, Jaumann, R, Langevin, Y, Matson, DL, Mennella, V, Nelson, RM, Nicholson, PD, Sicardy, B, Sotin, C, Hansen, G, Hibbitts, K, Showalter, M, Newman, S, 2007, Saturn's icy satellites investigated by Cassini-VIMS - I. Full-disk properties: 350-5100 nm reflectance spectra and phase curves, Icarus, 186 Issue 1, 2007.

Swayze, G. A., Milliken, R. E., Clark, R. N., Bishop, J. L., Ehlmann, B. L., Pelkey, S.M., Mustard, J. F., Murchie, S. L., Brown, A. J., and the MRO Crism Team, 2007, Spectral Evidence for Hydrated Volcanic and/or Impact Glass on Mars with MRO CRISM: Seventh International Conference on Mars, held July 9-13, 2007 in Pasadena, California, LPI Contribution No. 1353, 3p. http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/7thmars2007/pdf/3384.pdf

Barnes, Jason W., Brown, Robert H., Soderblom, Laurence, Buratti, Bonnie J., Sotin, Christophe, Rodriguez, Sebastien, Le Mouelic, Stephane, Baines, Kevin H., Clark, Roger, Nicholson, Phil, 2007, Global-scale surface spectral variations on Titan seen from Cassini/VIMS, Icarus, 186, pp 242-258. 2007 January.

Soderblom, Laurence, Kirk, Randolph L., Lunine, Jonathan I., Anderson, Jeffrey A., Baines, Kevin H., Barnes, Jason W., Barrett, Janet M., Brown, Robert H., Buratti, Bonnie J., Clark, Roger N, Cruikshank, Dale P., Elachi, Charles, Janssen, Michael A., Jaumann, Ralf, Karkoschka, Erich, Le Mouelic, Stephane, Lopes, Rosaly M., Lorenz, Ralph D., McCord, Thomas B., Nicholson, Philip D., Radebaugh, Jani, Rizk, Bashar, Sotin, Christophe, Stofan, Ellen R., Sucharscki, Tracie L., Tomasko, Martin G., Wall, Stephen D., 2007, Correlations Between Cassini VIMS Spectra and RADAR SAR Images: Implications for Titan's Surface Composition and the Character of the Huygens Probe Landing Site, Planetary and Space Science, 55, pp 2025-2036. 2007 October.

Cruikshank, D. P., J. B. Dalton, C. M. Dalle Ore, J. Bauer. K. Stephan, G. Filacchione, A. R. Hendrix, C. J. Hansen, A. Coradini, P. Cerroni, F. Tosi, F. Capaccioni, R. Jaumann, B. J. Buratti, R. N. Clark, R. H. Brown, R. M. Nelson, T. B. McCord, K. H. Baines, P. D. Nicholson, C. Sotin, A. W. Meyer, G. Bellucci, M. Combes, J.-P. Bibring, Y. Langevin, B. Sicardy, D. L. Matson, V. Formisano, P. Drossart, V. Mennella, 2007, Surface composition of Hyperion, Nature, 448, p. 54-56 doi:10.1038/nature05948. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7149/abs/nature05948.html.

Clark, R.N., Swayze, G.A., Wise, R., Livo, E., Hoefen, T., Kokaly, R., Sutley, S.J., 2007, USGS digital spectral library splib06a: U.S. Geological Survey, Data Series 231, http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/spectral-lib.html with over 6000 web pages, and data files.

Hedman, M, M., Burns, J.A., Nicholson, P.D., Tiscareno, M.S., Showalter, M.R., Porco, C.C., Bosh, A.S., Brown, R.H. Buratti, B.J., Baines, K.H., Clark , R.N., 2007, Saturn's dynamic D-ring, Icarus, 188, p. 89-107. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.11.017

Jaumann, R., K. Stephan, G. B. Hansen, R. N. Clark, B. J. Buratti, R.H. Brown, K. H. Baines , G. Bellucci, A. Coradini, D. P. Cruikshank, C.A. Griffith, C. A. Hibbitts, T.B. McCord, R.M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, C. Sotin, and R. Wagner, 2008, Distribution of Icy Particles Across Enceladus' Surface as Derived from Cassini-VIMS Measurements, Icarus 193 (2008) 407419, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.09.013.

Brown, R. H. L. A. Soderblom, J. M. Stoderblom, R. N. Clark, R. Jaumann, J. W. Barnes, C. Sotin, B. Buratti, K. H. Baines & P. D. Nicholson, 2008, The identification of liquid ethane in Titan's Ontario Lacus, Nature 454, 607-610 (31 July 2008), doi:10.1038/nature07100.

Philip D. Nicholson, Matthew M. Hedman, Roger N. Clark>, Mark R. Showalter, Dale P. Cruikshank, Jeffrey N. Cuzzi, Gianrico Filacchione, Fabrizio Capaccioni, Priscilla Cerroni, Gary B. Hansen, Bruno Sicardy, Pierre Drossart, Robert H. Brown, Bonnie J. Buratti, Kevin H. Baines, Angioletta Coradini, 2008, A close look at Saturn's rings with Cassini VIMS, Icarus 193 (2008) 182–212, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.036.

Cruikshank, Dale P., Eric Wegryn, C. M. Dalle Ore, R.H. Brown, K.H. Baines, J.-P. Bibring, B.J. Buratti, R.N. Clark, T .B. McCord, P. D. Nicholson, Y. J. Pendleton, T. C. Owen, G. Filacchione, and the VIMS Team, 2008, Hydrocarbons on Saturn’s Satellites Iapetus and Phoebe, Icarus, Icarus, 193, 334-343, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.04.036.

Mustard, John F., S. L. Murchie, S. M. Pelkey, B. L. Ehlmann, R. E. Milliken, J. A. Grant, J-P. Bibring, F. Poulet, J. Bishop, E. Noe Dobrea, L. Roach, F. Seelos, R. E. Arvidson, S. Wiseman, R. Green, C. Hash, D. Humm, E. Malaret, J. A. McGovern, K. Seelos, T. Clancy, R. Clark, D. Des Marais, N. Izenberg, A. Knudson, Y. Langevin, T. Martin, P. McGuir, R. Morris, M. Robinson, T. Roush, M. Smith, G Swayze, H. Taylor, T. Titus, and M. Wolff, 2008, Hydrated Silicate Minerals on Mars Observed by the CRISM Instrument, Nature 454, 305-309, doi:10.1038/nature07097.

Milliken, R.E., G.A. Swayze, R.E. Arvidson, J.L. Bishop, R.N. Clark, B.L. Ehlmann, R.O. Green, J.P. Grotzinger, R.V. Mor ris, S.L. Murchie, J.F. Mustard, C. Weitz, 2008 Opaline Silica in Young Deposits on Mars Geology, Geology; 36; p. 847-850; DOI: 10.1130/G24967A.1.

Clark, R.N., Brown, R.H., Jaumann, R., Cruikshank, D.P., Buratti, B., Baines, K.H., Nelson, R.M., Nicholson, P.D., Moore, J.M., Curchin, J., Hoefen, T., and Stephan, K., 2008, Compositional mapping of Saturn's satellite Dione with Cassini VIMS and implications of dark material in the Saturn system, Icarus, 193, p 372-386, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.035.

Barnes, Jason W., Robert H. Brown, Laurence Soderblom, Christophe Sotin, Stphane Le Moulic, Sebastien Rodriguez, Ralf Jaumann, Ross A. Beyer, Bonnie J. Buratti, Karly Pitman, Kevin H. Baines, Roger Clark, Phil Nicholson, 2008, Spectroscopy, morphometry, and photoclinometry of Titans dunefields from Cassini/VIMS, Icarus 195 400-414, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.12.006.

Nicholson, Philip D. Matthew M. Hedman, Roger N. Clark, Mark R. Showalter, Dale P. Cruikshank, Jeffrey N. Cuzzi, Gianrico Filacchione, Fabrizio Capaccioni, Priscilla Cerroni, Gary B. Hansen, Bruno Sicardy, Pierre Drossart, Robert H. Brown, Bonnie J. Buratti, Kevin H. Baines, 2008, Angioletta Coradini, A close look at Saturn's rings with Cassini VIMS, Icarus, 193 (2008) 182–212, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2007.08.036.

Ehlmann, Bethany L., John F. Mustard, Scott L. Murchie, Francois Poulet, Janice L. Bishop, Adrian J. Brown, Wendy M. Calvin, Roger N. Clark, David J. Des Marais, Ralph E. Milliken, Leah H. Roach, Ted L. Roush, Gregg A. Swayze, James J. Wray, 2008, Orbital identification of carbonate-bearing rocks on Mars, Science Vol. 322, pp. 1828 – 1832 DOI: 10.1126/science.1164759.

Wiseman, S. M., Arvidson, R. E., Andrews-Hanna, J., Clark, R. N., Lanza, N., Des Marais, D., Marzo, G. A., Morris, R. V., Murchie, S., Newsom, H., Noe Dobrea, E.Z., Ollila, A. M., Poulet, F., Roush, T., Seelos, Swayze, G., and the CRISM Team, 2008, Phyllosilicate and sulfate-hematite deposits within Miyamoto crater in southern Sinus Meridiani, Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L19204, doi:10.1029/2008GL035363.

Jaumann, R. R. H. Brown, K. Stephan, J. W. Barnes, L. A. Soderblom, C. Sotin, S. Le Mouelic, R. N. Clark, J. Soderblom, B. J. Buratti, R. Wagner, T. B. McCord, S. Rodriguez, K. H. Baines, D. P. Cruikshank, P. D. Nicholson, C. A. Griffith, M. Langhans, and R. D. Lorenz, 2008, Fluvial erosion and post-erosional processes on Titan, Icarus 197, 526 - 538.

Clark, R.N., Curchin, J.M., Hoefen, T.M., and Swayze, G.A., 2009, Reflectance spectroscopy of organic compounds I: Alkanes: Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, p. E03001, doi:10.1029/2008JE003150. http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2009/2008JE003150.shtml

Murchie, S.L., Mustard, J.F., Ehlmann, B.L., Milliken, R.E., Bishop, J.L., McKeown, N.K., Noe Dobrea, E.Z., Seelos, F.P., Buczkowski, D.L., Wiseman, S.M., Arvidson, R.E., Wray, J.J., Swayze, G., Clark, R.N., Bibring, J-P., McEwen, A.S., 2009, A synthesis of Martian aqueous mineralogy after one Mars year of observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter: Journal of Geophysical Research, CRISM special issue, 114, E00D06, doi:10.1029/2009JE003342.

Soderblom, L. A., J. W. Barnes, R. H. Brown, R. N. Clark, M. A. Janssen, T. B. McCord, H. B. Niemann, and M. G. Tomasko, 2009, Composition of Titan’s Surface, Chapter 6 in Titan from Cassini-Huygens, (R.H. Brown, J-P. Lebreton, J.H. Waite, eds.), pp. 141-175, Springer, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2, (Invited book Chapter).

Ehlmann, B.L., Mustard, J.F., Swayze, G.A., Clark, R.N., Bishop, J.L., Poulet, F., Des Marais, D.J., Roach, L.H., Milliken, R.E., Wray, J.J., Barnouin-Jha, O., and Murchie, S.L., 2009, Identification of hydrated silicate minerals on Mars using MRO-CRISM: geologic context near Nili Fossae and implications for aqueous alteration: Journal of Geophysical Research, CRISM special issue, 114, E00D08, doi:10.1029/2009JE003339.

Jaumann, R, R. N. Clark, F. Nimmo, A. R. Hendrix, B. J. Buratti, T. Denk, J. M. Moore, P. M. Schenk, S. J. Ostro and R.Srama, 2009, Icy Satellites: Geological Evolution and Surface Processes, in Saturn after Cassini/Huygens, Springer, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2, pp. 637-681, (Invited book Chapter).

Cuzzi, J., R. Clark, G. Filacchione, R. French, R. Johnson, E. Marouf, L. Spilker (2009) Ring Particle Composition and Size Distribution, in Saturn after Cassini/Huygens, Springer, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2, pp. 459-509, (Invited book Chapter).

C. M. Pieters, J. N. Goswami, R. N. Clark, M. Annadurai, J. Boardman, B. Buratti, J.-P. Combe, M. D. Dyar, R. Green, J. W. Head, C. Hibbitts, M. Hicks, P. Isaacson, R. Klima, G. Kramer, S. Kumar, E. Livo, S. Lundeen, E. Malaret, T. McCord, J. Mustard, J. Nettles, N. Petro, C. Runyon, M. Staid, J. Sunshine, L. A. Taylor, S. Tompkins, P. Varanasi, 2009, Character and Spatial Distribution of OH/H2O on the Surface of the Moon seen by M3 on Chandrayaan-1 Science, 326, 568-572, DOI: 10.1126/science.1178658.

Clark, R. N., 2009, Detection of Adsorbed Water and Hydroxyl on the Moon, Science, 326, 562-564, DOI: 10.1126/science.1178105.

Clark, R. N., D. P. Cruikshank, R. Jaumann, R. H. Brown, J. M. Curchin, T. M. Hoefen, K. Stephan, C. M. Dalle Ore, B. J. Buratti, G. Filacchione, K. H. Baines, P. D. Nicholson, 2010, The Composition of Iapetus: Mapping Results from Cassini VIMS, Icarus, in review.

Clark, R. N., J. M. Curchin, J. W. Barnes, R. Jaumann, Larry Soderblom, D. P, Cruikshank, J. Lunine, K. Stephan, T. M. Hoefen, Stephane Le Mouelic, Christophe Sotin, K. H. Baines, B. Buratti, and P. Nicholson, 2010, Detection and Mapping of Hydrocarbon Deposits on Titan, J. Geophys. Res., in review.

Curchin, J.M., Shaffer, C.J., Clark, R.N., McMahon, J., Hoefen, T.M., 2010, Reflectance spectroscopy of 2-propynenitrile, cyanoacetylene (HC3N), Icarus , in review.


Older Results

Clays on Mars? New research indicates that on a global scale, there are little if any clays on Mars. Clays are commonly found on the Earth, but the search for them on Mars has only resulted in setting upper limits that are many times lower than on Earth. Here are two abstracts presented at the American Astronomical Society, Division of Planetary Science meeting in Hawaii in October, 1995.




U.S. Geological Survey, a bureau of the U.S. Department of the Interior
This page URL= http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/PLANETARY.abs+papers/planetary1.html
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Last modified March 30, 2010.