From:
Imaging Spectroscopy:
Earth and Planetary Remote Sensing with the
USGS Tetracorder and Expert Systems


Roger N. Clark, Gregg A. Swayze, K. Eric Livo,
Raymond F. Kokaly, Steve J. Sutley, J. Brad Dalton,
Robert R. McDougal, and Carol A. Gent.


U.S. Geological Survey
Box 25046 Federal Center
Denver, CO 80225

rclark@speclab.cr.usgs.gov

Appendix A: The Expert System Rules Tables

Tables 0-8 present the details of the rules for each material. As discussed above, the spectral identifications are partitioned into spectral regions (called groups) where spectral features are compared to make an identification. For example, clays, carbonates, and other materials containing light elements have vibrational overtones and combination features in the 1.5 to 2.5-m spectral region (with most diagnostic features in the 2-2.5 region). Fe2+ and Fe3+-bearing minerals have broad electronic absorptions in the ultraviolet to 1.5-m region. Thus these two regions are separated for analysis, but the boundaries can be crossed whenever diagnostic information occurs in another region, as in the case of jarosite or alunite (Figure 4). The following is a general overview of what is in each table and why.



A.1 Table Description

Each table consists of 11 columns.

Column 1) The first column is a description of the material (e.g. H2O ice). Also in this column is sometimes a keyword used for Not features. For example, the first entry in Table 0 includes the keyword "GREENVEG." In other entries (e.g. entry 3: H2O-Ice) this would include the keyword NOTGREENVEG to indicate that a feature matching GREENVEG should not be present (exactly which feature is defined in column 8).

Column 2) Second column is the spectral group.

Column 3) Third column is the material number, which runs sequentially through all the tables (250 reference materials/spectra through Table 7).

Column 4) The fourth column is the spectral feature number for that sample.

Column 5) The fifth column is the feature type: Dia = diagnostic, Opt = optional, and Not = a Not feature.

Column 6) The left continuum interval.

Column 7) The right continuum interval. The feature is defined to exist between the left and right continuum intervals. It does not matter that the feature center is not defined because the analysis system matches total feature shape between and including the continuum, not simply its position.

Column 8) Spectral continuum and Not constraints, including the definition of Not features, continuum thresholds or limits, and continuum slopes. Examine material 1, feature 1 (first entry in Table 0): ct 0.05 means the continuum at the feature center (derived by the analysis algorithms) must be greater than 0.05 reflectance. If the reflectance is below this level, the spectrum is too low to robustly detect this material (Note: this level is spectrometer signal-to-noise dependent). The sequence rct/lct > 1.0 means the right continuum divided by the left continuum must be greater than one (a positive slope). Figure 10b shows that the typical vegetation spectrum has a large increase in reflectance from 0.5 to 0.7 micron. The threshold constraints can also include an upper limit (this can be useful in mid-infrared emittance spectra).

A Not feature, for example in the H2O ice spectrum (material 3, feature 3 in Table 0 = "1 0.5a 0.5"), is defined as Not the GREENVEG material. (NOTGREENVEG=material 1, 1 = feature 1 of the green vegetation spectrum) and it can have a depth of no more than 0.5 (the a means absolute) and the correlation coefficient must be at least 0.5. The Not feature can also be relative in depth to another feature. For example, examine the montmorillonite entry, material 126, feature 2, Table 2 (the entry "2 0.12r 0.3"): the montmorillonite should not have a muscovite feature 2 (the 2.3-m feature) with a strength greater than 0.12 times the depth of the montmorillonite feature 1 (0.12r1 is 0.12 times the derived depth of feature 1) and the fit to that muscovite feature can be no greater than 0.3 (if it is higher than 0.3 that feature is detected). Relative depths allow tracking of feature strengths as abundance varies from spectrum to spectrum. These entries begin to show the complexity that we have found necessary to do the identifications and thus built into the rules. If any constraint is violated, and it is a diagnostic feature, that material can't be present. If a Not feature is found, the material of interest is ruled out. If the feature is optional, its presence is set to zero (the depth and fit values are set to zero). The feature correlation coefficients are weighted by the relative areas of the features in the reference spectra and a weighted correlation coefficient and weighted depth computed.

Column 9) The correlation coefficient (fit) thresholds. Any fit below the value given rejects the material bearing that feature. The feature fitting routine computes the weighted depth, weighted fit (least squares correlation coefficient), and the weighted fit times depth as output (weighting described in paper I for when multiple features are used). The thresholds apply to the weighted fits and depths, and weighted fits times depths derived in the previous columns. There are several ways to constrain the thresholds:

FITALL means the fit threshold applies to all output, including the band depths. If a fit falls below the threshold, all output for that material is set to zero.

DEPTHALL means apply the band depth threshold to all output, including the fits. DEPTH or FIT thresholds applies only to the one output parameter.

The DEFAULTs are described at the end of each table. DEPTH-FIT means apply the threshold on the fit to the depth output.

FDALL applies the weighted fit times depth thresholds to all output, and

FD-DEPTH applies the depth threshold to the fit*depth output. These constraints prevent the algorithm from choosing a match in the presence of high noise relative to the feature strengths.

Global parameters are defined in Table 8.

Column 10) Describes what action might be taken. For example, Table 3 describes searching for the presence of vegetation. If it is found, the algorithm next executes special cases (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) to further analyze the vegetation spectra.

Column 11) The identification of the spectrum (file and record number where the spectrum can be found). The splib04 spectra are from the Clark et al. (1993a) spectral library; others will be included in the next library, currently being assembled.



Appendix A, Table 0

Group 0 Reference Materials



Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right

Continuum

Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Fir_Tree IH91-2,

= GREENVEG

Indicates generic vegetation

0 1 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.5 DEPTHALL>0.6 none splib04 496
2 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.10
3 Dia 1.063-1.093 1.265-1.305 ct 0.10
Grass 0.7 dry + 0.3 green,

Indicates mixture of dry brown and green vegetation

0 2 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.5 DEPTHALL>0.07 none sprlb01 51
2 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.10
3 Dia 1.063-1.093 1.265-1.305 ct 0.07
4 Dia 2.049-2.068 2.198-2.228 ct 0.04
5 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.387-2.416 ct 0.04
H2O-Ice GDS136 0 3 1 Dia 0.958-0.986 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none splib04 182
2 Dia 1.150-1.178 1.315-1.345 ct 0.08 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow 1a

Indicates water or melting snow

0 4 1 Dia 0.902-0.930 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 0.7 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 14
2 Dia 1.150-1.178 1.315-1.345 ct 0.05 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow 3

Indicates water or melting snow

0 5 1 Dia 0.902-0.930 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 0.7 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 15
2 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.05 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow 8

Indicates water or melting snow

0 6 1 Dia 0.902-0.930 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 0.7 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 18
2 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.05 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow (slush) 9

Indicates water or melting snow

0 7 1 Dia 0.890-0.920 1.080-1.110 ct 0.05 0.5 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 19
2 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.03 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow (slush) 16

Indicates water or melting snow

0 8 1 Dia 0.890-0.920 1.080-1.110 ct 0.04 0.7 lct/rct> 1.0 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 23
2 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.03 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.50a 0.5

melting snow 1a + 0.5 veg

Indicates water or melting snow with vegetation

0 9 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 25
2 Dia 0.902-0.930 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 0.7
3 Dia 1.150-1.178 1.315-1.345 ct 0.05 lct/rct> 1.0
melting snow 9 + 0.5 veg

Indicates water or melting snow with vegetation

0 10 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 28
2 Dia 0.890-0.920 1.080-1.110 ct 0.05 0.5
3 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.03 lct/rct> 1.0
melting snow 16 + 0.5 veg

Indicates water or melting snow with vegetation

0 11 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.6 DEPTHALL>0.05 none sprlf01 30
2 Dia 0.890-0.920 1.080-1.110 ct 0.08 0.7
3 Dia 1.100-1.130 1.315-1.345 ct 0.05 lct/rct> 1.0
Seawater Coast Chl rc 0 12 1 Dia 0.530-0.585 2.190-2.280 lct 0.0 0.08 rct 0 .04 lct/rct> 1.0 FITALL>0.4 DEPTHALL>0.03 none sprlb01 66
2 Dia 0.429-0.459 0.610-0.640 lct 0.0 0.08 rct 0 .06 lct/rct> 1.0
3 Dia 0.630-0.660 0.720-0.750 lct 0.0 0.08 rct 0 .06 lct/rct> 1.0
Seawater Open Ocean, low chlorophyll 0 13 1 Dia 0.460-0.490 2.190-2.280 lct 0.0 0.08 rct 0 .04 lct/rct> 1.0 FITALL>0.4 DEPTHALL>0.03 none sprlb01 67
2 Dia 0.460-0.490 0.780-0.810 lct 0.0 0.08 rct 0 .06 lct/rct> 1.0
Red Coated Algea Water

Indicates possible pollution

0 14 1 Dia 0.420-0.464 1.184-1.228 lct 0.0 0.07 rct 0 .05 FITALL>0.4 DEPTHALL>0.03 none sprlf0112




Appendix A, Table 1

Group 1 Reference Materials

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right

Continuum

Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Hematite=2%+98%Qtz GDS76 =a 1 15 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 193
2 Opt 0.738-0.765 1.050-1.070 ct 0.04
Goethite Med Grained WS222 =a 1 16 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 171
2 Dia 0.745-0.776 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Goethite + qtz Med gr GDS240 1 17 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 82
2 Opt 0.745-0.776 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Geothite Fine Gr MPCMA2-B 1 18 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 111
2 Opt 0.745-0.776 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Goethite M-Crs gr MPCMA2-C 1 19 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 113
2 Dia 0.745-0.776 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Goethite Coarse Gr. WS222 1 20 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 101
2 Dia 0.744-0.776 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Goethite Thin Coating WS222 1 21 1 Dia 0.426-0.457 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 106
2 Opt 0.745-0.776 1.196-1.228 ct 0.04
Goeth+qtz +50% Jarosite Areal 1 22 1 Dia 0.405-0.427 0.562-0.595 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 85
2 Opt 0.707-0.737 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Weathered Pyrite LV95-6A 1 23 1 Dia 0.706-0.737 1.634-1.667 ct 0.03 0.35

lct/rct> 1.0

DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 81
Schwertmannite? BZ93-1 1 24 1 Dia 0.425-0.448 0.592-0.616 ct 0.02 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 83
2 Dia 0.745-0.777 1.276-1.310 ct 0.04
Black Mn Coat Tailings LV95-3 1 25 1 Dia 0.814-0.860 2.125-2.186 ct 0.02 .2 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 84
Acid Mine Dr Assemb 1 1 26 1 Dia 0.415-0.448 0.592-0.625 ct 0.02 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlf01 9

2 Dia 0.773-0.804 1.276-1.310 ct 0.04
Acid Mine Dr Assemb 2 1 27 1 Dia 0.416-0.457 0.574-0.605 ct 0.02 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlf01 10
2 Dia 0.744-0.770 1.215-1.247 ct 0.04
"Jarosite GDS99 K,Sy 200C =a " 1 28 1 Dia 0.699-0.728 1.278-1.307 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 231
Lepidocrosite GDS80 (Sy) =? 1 29 1 Dia 0.440-0.460 0.580-0.620 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 259
2 Dia 0.750-0.785 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04
Chlorite + Muscovite CU93-65A 1 30 1 Dia 0.782-0.814 1.277-1.320 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 88
2 Dia 2.124-2.157 2.274-2.307 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.275-2.305 2.382-2.415 ct 0.04
Biot + Goeth + Musc CU91-252D 1 31 1 Dia 0.753-0.786 1.277-1.320 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 89
2 Dia 2.124-2.157 2.264-2.296 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.264-2.296 2.382-2.415 ct 0.04
Chlor + Goethite Phyl CU93-4B 1 32 1 Dia 0.734-0.776 1.287-1.321 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 91
2 Dia 2.123-2.157 2.382-2.434 ct 0.04
Cummingtonite HS294.3B =? 1 33 1 Dia 0.775-0.820 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 127
Actinolite NMNHR16485 =a 1 34 1 Dia 0.795-0.830 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 14
Actinolite HS22.3B =b 1 35 1 Dia 0.795-0.830 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 11
Hypersthene NMNHC2368 =b 1 36 1 Dia 0.735-0.765 1.050-1.080 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 215
2 Dia 1.278-1.298 2.367-2.397 ct 0.04
Diopside NMNHR18685 ~160 =b 1 37 1 Dia 0.700-0.703 1.300-1.303 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 139
Jadeite HS343.3B =? 1 38 1 Dia 0.870-0.910 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 230
Pigeonite HS199.3B =b 1 39 1 Dia 0.785-0.820 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 368

2 Dia 1.586-1.616 2.377-2.406 ct 0.04
Epidote GDS26.a 75-200um =b 1 40 1 Dia 0.430-0.460 0.500-0.520 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 149
2 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.220-1.245 ct 0.04
Am Fe-Hydroxide Summitville 1 41 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.624-0.643 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 9
2 Opt 0.765-0.794 1.215-1.246 ct 0.04
"Ferrihydrite GDS75 Sy, F6 =b 1 42 1 Dia 0.440-0.450 0.621-0.642 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 158
2 Dia 0.794-0.813 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04
Hematite GDS27 =a 1 43 1 Dia 0.443-0.473 0.611-0.641 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 194
2 Dia 0.736-0.775 1.225-1.264 ct 0.04
Hematite Thin Coating GDS27 1 44 1 Dia 0.415-0.455 0.611-0.641 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 104
2 Opt 0.726-0.759 1.207-1.238 ct 0.04
Hematite FE2602 =b 1 45 1 Dia 0.443-0.473 0.611-0.641 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 204
2 Dia 0.736-0.775 1.062-1.091 ct 0.04
Hematite WS161 =b 1 46 1 Dia 0.443-0.473 0.611-0.641 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 203
2 Dia 0.736-0.775 1.062-1.091 ct 0.04
Nontronite NG-1.a =b 1 47 1 Dia 0.406-0.436 0.566-0.590 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 330
2 Dia 0.743-0.783 1.260-1.291 ct 0.04
BR5A Chlorite? rich scarn 1 48 1 Dia 0.532-0.562 1.586-1.624 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 26
BR5B Magnetite scarn 1 49 1 Dia 0.746-0.775 1.268-1.308 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 27
BR22C Actinolite?scarn Besse 1 50 1 Dia 0.513-0.543 1.715-1.765 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 28
BR33a bio qtz monz. hv epi vn 1 51 1 Dia 0.434-0.454 0.513-0.532 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 29
2 Dia 0.871-0.899 1.277-1.297 ct 0.04
BR36A fresh grn qtz monz chl? 1 52 1 Dia 0.572-0.602 1.734-1.774 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 30
BR43 purple ash tuff wht zeo 1 53 1 Dia 0.746-0.775 1.187-1.226 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 31
BR46b fresh basalt 1 54 1 Dia 0.785-0.804 1.197-1.235 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 32
BR25a Varnished Quartzite 1 55 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 25
2 Dia 0.727-0.756 1.268-1.307 ct 0.04
BR25b Hematite Coat Qtzite 1 56 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 38
2 Dia 0.727-0.756 1.207-1.236 ct 0.04
BR25c Varnished Quartzite 1 57 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 24
2 Dia 0.727-0.756 1.268-1.307 ct 0.04
BR34B2 nanohematite on qtzite 1 58 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 108
2 Opt 0.765-0.795 1.177-1.207 ct 0.04
BR34C Hematite on quartzite 1 59 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.612-0.632 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 35
2 Dia 0.727-0.756 1.287-1.317 ct 0.04
Jarosite on Qtzite BR93-34A2 1 60 1 Dia 0.440-0.455 0.582-0.611 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 34
2 Dia 0.718-0.747 1.278-1.307 ct 0.04
BR60B Actinolite on Dolomite 1 61 1 Dia 0.756-0.785 1.287-1.317 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 33
Alt Biotite BR93-20 Fan Dep. 1 62 1 Dia 0.842-0.871 1.745-1.775 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 39
Renyolds Tunnel Sludge SM93-15 1 63 1 Dia 0.642-0.662 1.266-1.296 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 10
Azurite WS316 = 1 64 1 Dia 0.445-0.466 1.306-1.327 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 65
2 Dia 2.224-2.254 2.397-2.427 ct 0.04
Pitch_Limonite GDS104 Cu = ? 1 65 1 Dia 0.574-0.604 1.289-1.318 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 370
2 Dia 2.189-2.219 2.308-2.338 ct 0.04
Malachite HS254.3B =b 1 66 1 Dia 0.524-0.544 1.063-1.091 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 274
2 Dia 1.063-1.091 1.765-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.157-2.187 2.308-2.338 ct 0.04
4 Opt 2.308-2.338 2.377-2.407 ct 0.04
Blue Efflorescent Min SU93-300 1 67 1 Dia 0.514-0.543 1.298-1.328 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 12
2 Dia 0.440-0.470 0.700-0.730 ct 0.02 lct/rct> 1.0
Green Slime SM93-14A Summitv 1 68 1 Dia 0.534-0.564 1.288-1.318 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none sprlb01 11
2 Dia 0.440-0.470 0.707-0.737 ct 0.02
Olivine HS285.4B =b 1 69 1 Dia 0.554-0.584 1.720-1.750 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 343
Olivine GDS71.a TSD 65um =b 1 70 1 Dia 0.554-0.584 1.660-1.690 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 351
Rhodochrosite HS338.3B =b 1

71
1 Dia 0.476-0.506 0.604-0.634 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 394
2 Dia 0.795-0.825 1.600-1.630 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.386-2.416 ct 0.04
Riebeckite NMNH122689 =a 1 72 1 Dia 0.453-0.483 1.670-1.700 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 400
2 Dia 2.268-2.298 2.369-2.399 ct 0.04
Coquimbite GDS22 =? 1 73 1 Dia 0.475-0.495 0.643-0.662 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 121
2 Dia 0.684-0.698 0.881-0.900 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.292-1.324 2.270-2.300 ct 0.04
4 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.25a 0.5

Copiapite GDS21 =a 1 74 1 Dia 0.693-0.708 1.073-1.093 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 120
2 Dia 1.292-1.324 2.270-2.300 ct 0.04
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.25a 0.5

Chrysocolla HS297.3B =b 1 75 1 Dia 0.475-0.505 1.600-1.630 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 101
2 Dia 2.168-2.198 2.298-2.328 ct 0.04
Neodymium_Oxide GDS34 =a 1 76 1 Dia 0.485-0.505 0.545-0.565 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 325
2 Dia 0.545-0.565 0.613-0.643 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.765-0.785 0.832-0.853 ct 0.04
4 Dia 0.832-0.853 0.904-0.934 ct 0.04
5 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.30a 0.5

Samarium_Oxide GDS36 =a 1 77 1 Dia 1.005-1.035 1.140-1.170 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 406
2 Dia 1.140-1.170 1.308-1.338 ct 0.04
3 Opt 0.881-0.911 0.987-1.017 ct 0.04
4 Opt 0.440-0.461 0.505-0.535 ct 0.04
Axinite HS342.3B =b

1
78 1 Dia 0.771-0.806 1.500-1.535 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 64
2 Dia 1.490-1.525 2.400-2.433 ct 0.04
Staurolite HS188.3B =b 1 79 1 Dia 0.454-0.485 1.500-1.535 ct 0.02 DEFAULT-6 none splib04 435
2 Dia 1.045-1.078 2.400-2.433 ct 0.04 lct/rct> 1.5
3 Dia 0.454-0.485 1.045-1.078 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.5
4 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.20a 0.5

Almandine WS479 =b 1 80 1 Dia 0.894-0.930 1.560-1.595 ct 0.04 lct/rct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 25
2 Dia 1.515-1.535 2.030-2.060 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.070-2.100 2.395-2.425 ct 0.04
Augite NMNH120049 =b 1 81 1 Dia 0.825-0.855 1.550-1.580 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 61
2 Dia 1.700-1.730 2.400-2.430 ct 0.04
Bronzite HS9.3B =c 1 82 1 Dia 0.700-0.730 1.200-1.230 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 72
2 Dia 1.300-1.330 2.400-2.430 ct 0.04
Butlerite GDS25 =a 1 83 1 Dia 0.750-0.780 1.185-1.215 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 77
2 Dia 1.280-1.310 1.765-1.795 ct 0.04
Bytownite HS106.3B =c 1 84 1 Dia 0.786-0.796 1.715-1.735 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 78
Chalcopyrite HS431.3B =b 1 85 1 Dia 0.430-0.460 0.700-0.730 rct/lct> 2.0

rct 0.01 0.12

DEFAULT-1 none splib04 90
2 Dia 1.540-1.570 2.400-2.430 rct/lct> 0.8

lct/rct> 0.90

Chromite HS281.3B =a 1 86 1 Dia 0.770-0.800 1.700-1.730 ct 0.02 0.1

lct/rct> 1.0

DEFAULT-1 none splib04 100
2 Dia 1.530-1.560 2.160-2.190 ct 0.02 0.1 lct/rct> 1.0 rct 0.02 0.08
Cinnabar HS133.3B =c 1 87 1 Dia 0.475-0.505 0.662-0.692 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 2.5 lct 0.01 0.1 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 103
2 Dia 0.550-0.580 1.000-1.030 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 2.5
Cuprite HS127.3B =b 1 88 1 Dia 0.485-0.515 0.970-1.008 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.5 lct 0.02 0.06 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 128
2 Dia 0.715-0.755 1.290-1.320 ct 0.02 rct/lct> 1.5
Desert_Varnish GDS141 =a 1 89 1 Dia 0.603-0.633 1.000-1.030 ct 0.03 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 131
2 Dia 0.786-0.816 1.300-1.330 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.3
Desert_Varnish GDS78A Rhy =a 1 90 1 Dia 0.505-0.535 1.760-1.790 lct 0.02 0.1 rct/lct> 2.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 132
Enstatite NMNH128288 =c 1 91 1 Dia 0.725-0.755 1.110-1.130 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-3 none splib04 148
2 Dia 1.280-1.310 2.180-2.210 ct 0.04
Hedenbergite NMNH119197 =b 1 92 1 Dia 0.865-0.895 1.750-1.780 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 191
2 Dia 0.720-0.760 0.870-0.900 ct 0.04
Lazurite HS418.3B =? 1 93 1 Dia 0.445-0.475 0.810-0.840 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 258
2 Dia 0.645-0.675 0.975-1.008 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.2
3 Dia 0.455-0.485 0.605-0.635 ct 0.04 lct/rct> 1.3
Maghemite GDS81 Sy (M-3) =a 1 94 1 Dia 0.445-0.475 0.725-0.755 lct 0.005 0.05 rct/lct> 2.0 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 270
2 Dia 0.515-0.545 0.970-1.008 lct 0.005 0.08 rct/lct> 1.0
Magnetite HS195.3B =b 1 95 1 Dia 0.660-0.690 1.705-1.735 lct 0.005 0.08 rct/lct> 1.0 rct 0.02 0.1 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 272
Manganite HS138.3B =b 1 96 1 Dia 0.785-0.815 2.235-2.265 lct 0.01 0.1 rct/lct> 1.0 rct 0.025 0.12 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 275
2 Dia 0.555-0.585 1.285-1.315 lct 0.01 0.1 rct/lct> 1.0 rct 0.025 0.12
Microcline HS103.3B =c 1 97 1 Dia 0.780-0.810 1.725-1.755 ct 0.3 rct/lct> 0.7

lct/rct> 0.9

DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 284
Oligoclase HS143.3B =c 1 98 1 Dia 0.845-0.885 1.742-1.782 ct 0.3 rct/lct> 0.7

lct/rct> 0.9

DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 335
Orthoclase NMNH142137 Fe =b 1 99 1 Dia 0.899-0.935 1.633-1.673 ct 0.3 rct/lct> 0.7

lct/rct> 0.9

DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 356
Pectolite NMNH94865.a =a 1 100 1 Dia 0.990-1.040 2.250-2.290 lct 0.2 lct/rct> 2.0 rct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 361
2 Dia 1.540-1.600 2.380-2.420 lct 0.15 lct/rct> 1.6 rct 0.04
Rhodonite NMNHC6148 >250u =a 1 101 1 Dia 0.725-0.755 1.310-1.350 ct 0.1 rct/lct> 0.7 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 396
2 Dia 0.470-0.505 0.630-0.665 ct 0.1 rct/lct> 1.0
Sulfur GDS94 Reagent =a 1 102 1 Dia 0.415-0.435 0.580-0.610 lct 0.02 0.25 rct/lct> 3.0 rct 0.35 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 439
2 Dia 0.415-0.435 0.990-1.008 lct 0.02 0.25 rct/lct> 2.5 rct 0.35
3 Dia 0.415-0.435 1.300-1.340 lct 0.02 0.25 rct/lct> 2.5 rct 0.35

DEFAULT-1 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]

DEFAULT-3 = DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]






Appendix A, Table 2

Group 2 Reference Materials

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Dry_Long_Grass AV87-2 =a

= DRYVEG

2 103 1 Dia 2.049-2.068 2.198-2.228 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 495
2 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.387-2.416 ct 0.04
Syn. K-Alunite (150C) GDS97

= KALUNITE1

2 104 1 Dia 2.069-2.087 2.238-2.257 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 14
2 Dia 1.445-1.455 1.505-1.524 ct .05
Syn. K-Alunite (250C) GDS96

= KALUNITE2

2 105 1 Dia 2.028-2.047 2.238-2.258 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 16
2 Dia 1.445-1.453 1.507-1.524 ct .05
SYN K-ALUNITE (450C) RES-2 2 106 1 Dia 2.028-2.047 2.238-2.258 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 18
2 Dia 1.445-1.453 1.489-1.507 ct .05
Syn Na-Alunite GDS95 (150C)

= NAALUNITE1

2 107 1 Dia 2.069-2.087 2.248-2.266 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 13
2 Dia 1.455-1.465 1.526-1.545 ct .05
Syn Na-Alunite (300C) Res-4 2 108 1 Dia 2.038-2.057 2.248-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 15
2 Dia 1.465-1.476 1.526-1.546 ct .05
SYN NA-ALUNITE (450C) RES-3 2 109 1 Dia 2.038-2.059 2.249-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 17
2 Dia 1.465-1.476 1.526-1.546 ct .05
Alunite GDS82 Na82 =a 2 110 1 Dia 2.058-2.088 2.247-2.277 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 28
2 Dia 1.466-1.476 1.526-1.543 ct .05
Alunite GDS83 Na63 =a 2 111 1 Dia 2.048-2.078 2.247-2.277 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 27
2 Dia 1.466-1.476 1.535-1.555 ct .05
Alunite RES-9 SUMMITV (400C) 2 112 1 Dia 2.059-2.078 2.248-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 26
2 Dia 1.454-1.465 1.535-1.555 ct .05
Kaolinite CM9 =b 2 113 1 Dia 2.078-2.108 2.237-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 241
Kaolinite KGa-2 (pxyl) =b 2 114 1 Dia 2.079-2.110 2.237-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 243
Halloysite NMNH106237 =a 2 115 1 Dia 2.078-2.108 2.257-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 185
Dickite NMNH106242 =a 2 116 1 Dia 2.058-2.088 2.237-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 135
2 Not [NOTKALUNITE1]

2 0.2r1 0.3

3 Not [NOTNAALUNITE1]

2 0.2r1 0.3

Muscovite GDS113 Ruby =a

= MUSCOVITE1

2 117 1 Dia 2.118-2.148 2.267-2.296 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 311
2 Dia 2.277-2.296 2.386-2.415 ct .04
Paragonite GDS109 =a 2 118 1 Dia 2.118-2.148 2.255-2.285 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 360
2 Dia 2.265-2.295 2.386-2.415 ct .04
Altered Phyllite CU91-250A cv

= MUSCOVITE2

2 119 1 Dia 2.128-2.148 2.268-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 12
2 Dia 2.278-2.298 2.387-2.405 ct .04
Illite IMt-1.b <2um =a 2 120 1 Dia 2.117-2.157 2.266-2.306 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 226
2 Dia 2.266-2.306 2.385-2.424 ct 0.04
3 Opt 2.068-2.097 2.117-2.147 ct 0.04
Illite GDS4 (Marblehead) =b 2 121 1 Dia 2.125-2.155 2.266-2.306 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 224
2 Dia 2.266-2.306 2.385-2.424 ct 0.04
Unaltered Phyllite CU93-1 cv 2 122 1 Dia 2.137-2.157 2.266-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 10
2 Dia 2.287-2.305 2.395-2.414 ct .04
Muscovite GDS116 Tanzania =a 2 123 1 Dia 2.128-2.158 2.277-2.306 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 313
2 Dia 2.287-2.306 2.405-2.435 ct .04
Kaolin/Smect H89-FR-2 50K =b 2 124 1 Dia 2.010-2.128 2.258-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 251
2 Not [NOTKALUNITE2] 2 0.03a 0.3
3 Not [NOTMUSCOVITE1] 2 0.12r1 0.3
Kaolin/Smect H89-FR-5 30K 2 125 1 Dia 2.010-2.128 2.258-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 252
2 Not [NOTMUSCOVITE2] 2 0.12r1 0.3
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2] 2 0.03a 0.3
Montmorillonite SWy-1 =b

= MONTSWY

2 126 1 Dia 2.118-2.137 2.267-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 296
2 Not [NOTMUSCOVITE1]

2 0.12r1 0.3

Montmorillonite SAz-1 =b

= MONTSAZ

2 127 1 Dia 2.148-2.178 2.257-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 297
2 Not [NOTMUSCOVITE1]

2 0.12r1 0.3

Chalcedony CU91-6A =b 2 128 1 Dia 2.119-2.149 2.358-2.385 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 89
Diaspore HS416.3B =a 2 129 1 Dia 1.515-1.543 2.316-2.346 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 134
Pyrophyllite PYS1A fine g =a 2 130 1 Dia 2.100-2.128 2.190-2.218 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 383
Koal 60wt% + pyrophyl GDS224 2 131 1 Dia 2.100-2.128 2.230-2.258 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 45
2 Opt 2.277-2.308 2.346-2.378 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2]

2 0.03a 0.3

PyroPYS1A 50% & MontSAz-1 50% 2 132 1 Dia 2.119-2.147 2.180-2.198 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 44
2 Dia 2.180-2.198 2.250-2.278 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2]

2 0.03a 0.3

Alun 366 50% & Pyro PYS1A 1x 2 133 1 Dia 2.068-2.099 2.228-2.258 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 47
2 Dia 2.247-2.277 2.348-2.378 ct .04
3 Dia 1.436-1.455 1.505-1.524 ct .05
Alunite+Pyrophyl SD1093A av=3 2 134 1 Dia 2.080-2.113 2.241-2.271 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 64
2 Dia 1.445-1.465 1.505-1.534 ct .05
Alunite .5+Kaol KGa-1 .5Areal 2 135 1 Dia 2.068-2.099 2.238-2.268 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 55
2 Dia 1.436-1.455 1.505-1.524



ct .05

Kaolin .5+MuscCU91-250A Areal 2 136 1 Dia 2.108-2.138 2.248-2.278 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 56
2 Dia 2.268-2.298 2.402-2.434 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2] 2 0.03a 0.3
Kaol Wxl + 50% Musc Ruby Areal 2 137 1 Dia 2.105-2.135 2.248-2.278 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 126
2 Dia 2.265-2.295 2.385-2.415 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2] 2 0.03a 0.3
Kaol + Musc intimate CU93-5C 2 138 1 Dia 2.105-2.138 2.253-2.287 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 92
2 Dia 2.268-2.297 2.395-2.425 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2]

2 0.03a 0.3

Muscov + Jaros Coat CU93-314 2 139 1 Dia 2.113-2.146 2.294-2.326 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 87
2 Dia 2.304-2.326 2.363-2.394 ct .04
3 Dia 0.706-0.738 1.286-1.320 ct .04
Alunite.5+MuscCU91-250A Areal 2 140 1 Dia 2.060-2.091 2.258-2.288 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 57
2 Dia 2.268-2.298 2.358-2.388 ct .04
3 Dia 1.436-1.455 1.505-1.524 ct .05
Alunite .33+Kaol .33+Musc .33 2 141 1 Dia 2.068-2.099 2.248-2.278 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 58
2 Dia 2.268-2.298 2.356-2.386 ct .04
3 Dia 1.436-1.455 1.505-1.524 ct .05
CHL PHYLLITE CU91-253D 2 142 1 Dia 2.134-2.164 2.226-2.248 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 33
2 Dia 2.057-2.088 2.130-2.154 ct .04
3 Dia 2.226-2.248 2.277-2.299 ct .04
4 Dia 2.277-2.299 2.386-2.406 ct .05
Ammonio-Illite/Smec GDS87 =? 2 143 1 Dia 2.108-2.138 2.237-2.267 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 35
2 Opt 2.028-2.058 2.128-2.158 ct .04
3 Not [NOTKALUNITE2]

2 0.04a 0.5

Buddingtonite GDS85 D-206 =b 2 144 1 Dia 2.054-2.086 2.277-2.306 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 75
2 Opt 1.958-1.978 2.048-2.078 ct .04
3 Not [NOTDRYVEG]

2 0.04a 0.5

Buddingtonite + Na-Mont CU93-260B 2 145 1 Dia 2.044-2.074 2.154-2.186 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 39
2 Dia 2.135-2.161 2.258-2.288 ct .04
3 Not [NOTDRYVEG]

2 0.04a 0.5

Buddingtonite + Na-Mont CU93-260B 2 146 1 Dia 2.035-2.065 2.258-2.288 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none sprln01 39
2 Not [NOTDRYVEG]

2 0.04a 0.5

Ammonioalunite NMNH145596 =d 2 147 1 Dia 2.029-2.060 2.228-2.258 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 32
2 Opt 1.958-1.977 2.058-2.089 ct .04
3 Not [NOTDRYVEG]

2 0.04a 0.5

Ammonio-jarosite SCR-NHJ =? 2 148 1 Dia 2.018-2.048 2.207-2.237 ct .04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 34
2 Dia 2.197-2.227 2.306-2.336 ct .04
3 Opt 1.468-1.493 1.580-1.610 ct .04
4 Not [NOTDRYVEG]

2 0.04a 0.5

Actinolite NMNHR16485 =a 2 149 1 Dia 2.238-2.268 2.337-2.367 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 14
2 Dia 2.337-2.367 2.416-2.446 ct 0.04
Amphibole NMNH78662 =? 2 150 1 Dia 2.208-2.238 2.337-2.367 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 37
2 Dia 2.337-2.367 2.416-2.446 ct 0.04
Biotite HS28.3B =b 2 151 1 Dia 2.278-2.307 2.416-2.446 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 70
2 Dia 1.000-1.040 1.730-1.770 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.05
Chlorite-scarn BR22B Barstow 2 152 1 Dia 2.208-2.237 2.355-2.376 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 43
2 Dia 0.871-0.900 1.307-1.337 ct 0.04

Chlorite SMR-13.b 60-104u =a 2 153 1 Dia 2.188-2.218 2.406-2.436 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 96
2 Dia 2.188-2.218 2.258-2.278 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.512-0.542 1.696-1.726 ct 0.04
Clinochlore GDS158 Flagst =a 2 154 1 Dia 2.189-2.218 2.405-2.436 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 106
2 Dia 2.189-2.218 2.267-2.287 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.512-0.542 1.696-1.726 ct 0.04
Thuringite SMR-15.c 32um =a 2 155 1 Dia 2.188-2.218 2.396-2.426 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 451
2 Dia 2.188-2.218 2.278-2.297 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.512-0.542 1.696-1.726 ct 0.04
Epidote GDS26.a 75-200um =b 2 156 1 Dia 2.208-2.228 2.268-2.288 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 149
2 Dia 2.208-2.228 2.406-2.436 ct 0.04
Hornblende_Fe HS115.3B =c 2 157 1 Dia 2.258-2.278 2.347-2.367 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 209
2 Dia 2.347-2.367 2.416-2.446 ct 0.04
Jarosite GDS24 Na =a 2 158 1 Dia 2.069-2.099 2.327-2.357 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 235
Jarosite GDS99 K,Sy 200C =a 2 159 1 Dia 2.069-2.099 2.327-2.357 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 231
Jarosite SJ-1 H3O,10-20% =a 2 160 1 Dia 2.120-2.149 2.320-2.338 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 239
Phlogopite HS23.3B =a 2 161 1 Dia 2.258-2.278 2.347-2.367 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 365
2 Dia 2.347-2.367 2.406-2.436 ct 0.04
Tremolite HS18.3 =c 2 162 1 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.337-2.357 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 473
2 Dia 2.337-2.357 2.416-2.446 ct 0.04
Mont SAz-1 20%+Calc WS272 80% 2 163 1 Dia 2.159-2.185 2.258-2.277 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 40
2 Dia 2.258-2.277 2.367-2.395 ct 0.04
Magnesite+Hydroma HS47.3B =a 2 164 1 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.337-2.357 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 271
Dolomite HS102.3B =b 2 165 1 Dia 2.158-2.188 2.357-2.387 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 141
Calcite WS272 =a 2 166 1 Dia 2.178-2.208 2.377-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 79
Calcite + Dolomite .5 areal 2 167 1 Dia 2.180-2.280 2.377-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 93
Dolo + 50% Ca-Mont Areal 2 168 1 Dia 2.164-2.195 2.235-2.267 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 117
2 Dia 2.224-2.256 2.355-2.386 ct 0.04
calcite.25+dolom.25+mont.5(areal mix) 2 169 1 Dia 2.248-2.278 2.377-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 94
2 Dia 2.130-2.160 2.248-2.278 ct 0.04
Calc.25 + Dolo.25 + Ca-Mont Areal 2 170 1 Dia 2.238-2.268 2.377-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 119
2 Dia 2.165-2.195 2.244-2.274 ct 0.04
Siderite HS271.3B =a 2 171 1 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.386-2.416 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 419
2 Dia 0.756-0.785 1.675-1.705 ct 0.04
Nontronite NG-1.a =b 2 172 1 Dia 2.228-2.258 2.317-2.347 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 330
Hectorite SHCa-1.Ac-B =a 2 173 1 Dia 2.238-2.267 2.328-2.356 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.01 none splib04 190
2 Not [NOTMONTSWY]

1 0.2r1 0.3

3 Not [NOTMONTAZ]

1 0.2r1 0.3

Saponite SapCa-1.AcB =b 2 174 1 Dia 2.239-2.267 2.338-2.367 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.01 none splib04 410
2 Opt 2.338-2.367 2.407-2.436 ct 0.04
Sepiolite SepNev-1.AcB =a 2 175 1 Dia 2.248-2.277 2.329-2.357 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.01 none splib04 413
2 Opt 2.329-2.357 2.406-2.436 ct 0.04
Calcite 80% +MontSwy-1 GDS212 2 176 1 Dia 2.248-2.278 2.376-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 41
2 Dia 2.130-2.158 2.248-2.278 ct 0.04
Calc + 50% Ca-Mont Areal 2 177 1 Dia 2.245-2.275 2.376-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 118
2 Dia 2.165-2.195 2.248-2.278 ct 0.04
Calc + 33% Musc Ruby Areal 2 178 1 Dia 2.227-2.257 2.376-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 120
2 Dia 2.130-2.158 2.227-2.257 ct 0.04
Dry Grass + 17% Na-Mont Areal AV 2 179 1 Dia 2.057-2.075 2.144-2.167 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 116
2 Dia 2.144-2.167 2.224-2.246 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.255-2.296 2.383-2.413 ct 0.04
dolomite.5+Na-mont.5 (areal mix) 2 180 1 Dia 2.130-2.158 2.248-2.278 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 95
2 Dia 2.248-2.278 2.355-2.385 ct 0.04
calcite.33+Ca-mont.67 (areal mix) 2 181 1 Dia 2.155-2.185 2.255-2.285 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 98
2 Dia 2.255-2.285 2.375-2.405 ct 0.04
Calcite 80wt%+ KaolCM9 GDS213 2 182 1 Dia 2.107-2.140 2.229-2.258 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 42
2 Dia 2.229-2.258 2.386-2.416 ct 0.04
Clintonite NMNH126553 W1R1Bb 2 183 1 Dia 2.189-2.219 2.377-2.405 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 114
Palygorskite PFL-1 W1R1Bb 2 184 1 Dia 2.138-2.168 2.258-2.288 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 359
2 Not [NOTMUSCOVITE1]

2 0.03a 0.3

Zoisite HS347.3B W1R1Bb 2 185 1 Dia 2.209-2.239 2.378-2.406 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 489
2 Dia 1.466-1.496 1.760-1.790 ct 0.04
Elbaite NMNH94217-1.c <74 W1R1Ba 2 186 1 Dia 2.100-2.130 2.269-2.289 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 146
2 Dia 2.269-2.289 2.328-2.358 ct 0.04
3 Opt 2.328-2.358 2.397-2.427 ct 0.04
4 Opt 1.448-1.467 1.517-1.537 ct 0.04
Gibbsite WS214 =b 2 187 1 Dia 2.100-2.130 2.368-2.396 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 168
2 Dia 1.477-1.507 1.605-1.635 ct 0.04
Gypsum HS333.3B =a 2 188 1 Dia 2.080-2.110 2.288-2.318 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 180
2 Dia 1.665-1.695 1.775-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Opt 1.497-1.517 1.566-1.596 ct 0.04
Niter GDS43 (K-Saltpeter) =a 2 189 1 Dia 2.020-2.050 2.130-2.160 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 328
2 Dia 2.159-2.189 2.278-2.308 ct 0.04

Topaz Mt._Antero_#5 =b 2 190 1 Dia 2.030-2.060 2.120-2.150 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.025 none splib04 467
2 Dia 2.110-2.140 2.230-2.258 ct 0.04
Rhodochrosite HS338.3B =b 2 191 1 Dia 2.191-2.225 2.388-2.418 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 394
2 Dia 0.481-0.512 0.603-0.634 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.435-0.463 0.534-0.564 ct 0.04
Witherite HS273.3B =a 2 192 1 Dia 2.221-2.251 2.420-2.449 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 485
2 Dia 2.142-2.172 2.221-2.251 ct 0.04
Mizzonite HS351.3BS =a 2 193 1 Dia 2.279-2.311 2.400-2.435 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 293
2 Opt 1.435-1.456 1.498-1.533 ct 0.04
Mizzonite BM1931,12 =b 2 194 1 Dia 2.279-2.311 2.400-2.435 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 291
2 Opt 1.435-1.456 1.498-1.533 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.130-2.165 2.258-2.298 ct 0.04
Pinnoite NMNH123943 =a 2 195 1 Dia 2.062-2.092 2.152-2.186 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 369
2 Dia 2.142-2.175 2.261-2.295 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.451-1.482 1.572-1.606 ct 0.04
Polyhalite NMNH92669-4 =a 2 196 1 Dia 2.310-2.342 2.400-2.434 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 371
2 Dia 2.201-2.230 2.270-2.302 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.544-1.574 1.665-1.695 ct 0.04
Rivadavite NMNH170164 =a 2 197 1 Dia 2.040-2.071 2.289-2.322 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 402
2 Dia 1.455-1.486 1.760-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Opt 1.110-1.142 1.270-1.303 ct .04
4 Not [NOTKALUNITE2]

2 0.03a 0.3

Howlite GDS155 =a 2 198 1 Dia 2.031-2.063 2.330-2.365 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 212
2 Dia 2.193-2.223 2.273-2.293 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.546-1.576 1.763-1.795 ct 0.04
4 Dia 1.474-1.495 1.537-1.564 ct 0.04

Ulexite HS441.3B =a 2 199 1 Dia 2.031-2.063 2.281-2.315 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 476
2 Dia 1.458-1.489 1.763-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.434-1.455 1.517-1.548 ct 0.04
White Crust (Epsomite?)LV30 2 200 1 Dia 1.509-1.538 2.354-2.387 ct 0.04 lct/rct> 2 DEFAULT-2 none sprlf01 11
Analcime GDS1 =a 2 201 1 Dia 2.065-2.095 2.175-2.205 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 38
2 Dia 1.448-1.479 1.763-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.670-1.700 2.080-2.110 ct 0.04
4 Dia 1.070-1.100 1.205-1.235 ct 0.04
Brucite HS247.3B 2 202 1 Dia 2.145-2.175 2.375-2.405 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 74
2 Dia 1.953-1.983 2.145-2.175 ct 0.04 lct/rct> 1.0
Carnallite NMNH98011 =a 2 203 1 Dia 2.125-2.155 2.335-2.365 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.1 none splib04 83
2 Dia 1.515-1.535 1.755-1.785 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.130-1.170 1.280-1.310 ct 0.04
Colemanite GDS143 =a 2 204 1 Dia 2.055-2.085 2.135-2.165 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 116
2 Dia 2.125-2.155 2.275-2.305 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.575-1.605 1.725-1.755 ct 0.04
Datolite HS442.3B =b 2 205 1 Dia 2.065-2.095 2.305-2.335 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 129
2 Dia 1.635-1.665 1.763-1.795 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.345-2.375 2.435-2.465 ct 0.04
Hydrogrossular NMNH120555 =? 2 206 1 Dia 2.105-2.135 2.285-2.315 ct 0.06 lct/rct> 1.2 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 213
2 Dia 2.285-2.315 2.405-2.435 ct 0.04
Lepidolite NMNH88526-1 =a 2 207 1 Dia 2.125-2.155 2.265-2.295 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 263
2 Dia 2.265-2.295 2.395-2.425 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.465-0.495 0.643-0.663

ct 0.04

rct/lct> 1.0

Margarite GDS106 =? 2 208 1 Dia 2.105-2.135 2.225-2.255 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 276
2 Dia 2.225-2.245 2.275-2.295 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.265-2.295 2.375-2.405 ct 0.04
4 Dia 0.980-1.010 1.325-1.355 ct 0.04
Mascagnite GDS65.b (fn) =a 2 209 1 Dia 2.018-2.038 2.365-2.395 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 279
2 Dia 1.755-1.785 2.405-2.435 ct 0.04
3 Dia 1.425-1.455 1.736-1.766 ct 0.04
Mirabilite GDS150 Na2SO4 =a 2 210 1 Dia 1.685-1.715 2.285-2.315 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.25 none splib04 289
2 Dia 1.080-1.110 1.285-1.315 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.908-0.938 1.063-1.093 ct 0.04
4 Dia 1.695-1.725 1.785-1.815 ct 0.04
Natrolite HS169.3B =b 2 211 1 Dia 2.115-2.135 2.235-2.265 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-1 DEPTHALL>0.05 none splib04 322
2 Dia 1.958-1.988 2.045-2.075 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0
3 Dia 2.038-2.068 2.116-2.146 ct 0.04 rct/lct> 1.0
4 Dia 1.285-1.315 1.705-1.735 ct 0.04
5 Dia 2.185-2.215 2.395-2.425 ct 0.04
Richterite NMNH150800 HCl =b 2 212 1 Dia 2.225-2.255 2.335-2.365 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 399
2 Dia 2.335-2.355 2.407-2.439 ct 0.04
Roscoelite EN124 =b 2 213 1 Dia 2.125-2.155 2.277-2.317 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 403
2 Dia 2.285-2.315 2.405-2.435 ct 0.04
Strontianite HS272.3B =b 2 214 1 Dia 2.195-2.225 2.395-2.425 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.03 none splib04 438
2 Dia 2.115-2.145 2.200-2.235 ct 0.04
Syngenite GDS139 =a 2 215 1 Dia 2.015-2.047 2.135-2.165 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none splib04 440
2 Dia 2.129-2.159 2.245-2.275 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.305-2.335 2.415-2.445 ct 0.04
4 Dia 1.435-1.465 1.720-1.755 ct 0.04
Cadmium Potas. Cyanide 2 216 1 Dia 2.285-2.322 2.357-2.388 ct 0.06 FITALL>0.91 DEPTHALL>0.06 none sprlb01 69
Nickel Potass. Cyanide 2 217 1 Dia 2.297-2.330 2.377-2.410 ct 0.06 FITALL>0.91 DEPTHALL>0.06 none sprlb01 70
Trihydrate cyanide 2 218 1 Dia 2.358-2.390 2.437-2.463 ct 0.06 lct/rct> 1.0 FITALL>0.91 DEPTHALL>0.06 none sprlb01 71
2 Dia 2.146-2.181 2.247-2.273 ct 0.06
3 Dia 1.460-1.482 1.769-1.801 ct 0.06
Potassium Ferro Cyanide 2 219 1 Dia 2.305-2.341 2.388-2.413 ct 0.06 FITALL>0.91 DEPTHALL>0.06 none sprlb01 72
Zinc Potassium Cyanide 2 220 1 Dia 2.285-2.322 2.357-2.388 ct 0.06 FITALL>0.91 DEPTHALL>0.06 none sprlb01 73
Plastic Grnhouse Roof GGA-54 2 221 1 Dia 1.577-1.612 1.771-1.801 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none sprlb01 75
2 Dia 2.075-2.105 2.205-2.235 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.205-2.235 2.375-2.405 ct 0.04
Montmor SWy + Benzene (1ml) 2 222 1 Dia 1.590-1.620 1.715-1.745 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none sprlb01 76
2 Dia 2.095-2.225 2.265-2.295 ct 0.04
Montmor SWy + trichlor (1ml) 2 223 1 Dia 1.615-1.645 1.765-1.795 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none sprlb01 77
2 Dia 2.203-2.233 2.318-2.348 ct 0.04
Montmor SWy + toluene .5ml 2 224 1 Dia 1.615-1.645 1.765-1.795 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none sprlb01 78
2 Dia 2.095-2.125 2.238-2.268 ct 0.04
3 Dia 2.238-2.268 2.325-2.365 ct 0.04
Montmor SWy + unleaded gas 2 225 1 Dia 1.620-1.650 1.765-1.795 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none sprlb01 79
2 Dia 2.235-2.265 2.375-2.405 ct 0.04
Montmor SWy + TCE saturated 2 226 1 Dia 1.595-1.625 1.675-1.705 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 DEPTHALL>0.02 none sprlb01 80
2 Dia 2.255-2.285 2.335-2.365 ct 0.04

DEFAULT-1 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]

DEFAULT-2 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFITg2] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]


Appendix A, Table 3

Group 3 Reference Materials: Vegetation Green Leaf Area



Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Lawn_Grass GDS91 (Green) =a 3 227 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 case

1 2 3 4 5

splib04 498
2 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.10
3 Dia 1.063-1.093 1.265-1.305 ct 0.10
Stonwll Ply+ 20%Gr Grass Areal 3 228 1 Dia 0.565-0.595 0.747-0.777 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 case

1 2 3 4 5

sprlb01 115
2 Opt 1.100-1.130 1.265-1.295 ct 0.10
3 Opt 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.10
Grass 0.7 dry + 0.3 green 93 3 229 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 FITALL>0.5 DEPTHALL>0.07 case 1 2 3 4 5 sprlb01 51
2 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.10
3 Dia 1.063-1.093 1.265-1.305 ct 0.07
4 Dia 2.049-2.068 2.198-2.228 ct 0.04
5 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.387-2.416 ct 0.04
Dry_Long_Grass AV87-2 =a 3 230 1 Dia 2.049-2.068 2.198-2.228 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-2 none splib04 495
2 Dia 2.198-2.228 2.387-2.416 ct 0.04
3 Not [NOTGREENVEG]

1 0.05a 0.5

DEFAULT-2 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFITg2] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]

DEFAULT-4 = FD-FIT>0.4 DEPTH-FIT>0.4 FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]



Appendix A, Table 4

Group 4 Rare Earth Materials:

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Neodymium_Oxide GDS34 =a 4 231 1 Dia 0.485-0.505 0.545-0.565 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 325
2 Dia 0.545-0.565 0.613-0.643 ct 0.04
3 Dia 0.765-0.785 0.832-0.853 ct 0.04
4 Dia 0.832-0.853 0.904-0.934 ct 0.04
5 Not [NOTGREENVEG] 1 0.30a 0.5
Samarium_Oxide GDS36 =a 4 232 1 Dia 1.005-1.035 1.140-1.170 ct 0.04 DEFAULT-1 none splib04 406
2 Dia 1.140-1.170 1.308-1.338 ct 0.04
3 Opt 0.881-0.911 0.987-1.017 ct 0.04
4 Opt 0.440-0.461 0.505-0.535 ct 0.04

DEFAULT-1 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]





Appendix A, Table 5

Case 1: Chlorophyll Red Edge Position

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Lawn_Grass GDS91 /shifted 3nm 1 233 1 Dia 0.661-0.681 0.785-0.804 ct 0.05 DEFAULT-5 none sprlb01 60
Lawn_Grass GDS91 /shifted 3nm 1 234 1 Dia 0.661-0.681 0.785-0.804 ct 0.05 DEFAULT-5 none sprlb01 63

DEFAULT-5 = FD-FIT>0.6 DEPTH-FIT>0.7 FITALL>0.5







Appendix A, Table 6

Case 2: Vegetation Type

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Lawn_Grass GDS91 (Green) =a 2 235 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 498
Aspen_Leaf-A DW92-2 =a 2 236 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 490
Fir_Tree IH91-2 Complete =a 2 237 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 496
Juniper_Bush IH91-4B whol =a 2 238 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 497
Pinon_Pine ANP92-14A ndl =a 2 239 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 500
Sage_Brush IH91-1B Whole =a 2 240 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 503
Walnut_Leaf SUN (Green) =a 2 241 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 506
Blackbrush ANP92-9A leavs =a 2 242 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 492
Blue_Spruce DW92-5 needle =a 2 243 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 493
Maple_Leaves DW92-1 =a 93 2 244 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 499
Rabbitbrush ANP92-27 whol =a 2 245 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 501
Russian_Olive DW92-4 =a 93 2 246 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 502
Saltbrush ANP92-31A Garrt =a 2 247 1 Dia 0.522-0.552 0.737-0.767 ct 0.05 rct/lct> 1.0 DEFAULT-4 none splib04 504

DEFAULT-4 = FD-FIT>0.4 DEPTH-FIT>0.4 FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]





Appendix A, Table 7

Case 3, 4, 5: Green Leaf Water Absorptions

Reference Spectrum G
r
o
u
p
M
a
t
e
r
i
a
l
F
e
a
t
u
r
e
Type Left

Continuum

Right Continuum Continuum/Not Constraints Fit/Other Constraints Actions Origin
Fir_Tree IH91-2 Complete =a 3 248 1 Dia 0.870-0.900 1.063-1.093 ct 0.08 DEFAULT-5 none splib04 496
Fir_Tree IH91-2 Complete =a 4 249 1 Dia 1.063-1.093 1.265-1.305 ct 0.07 DEFAULT-5 none splib04 496
Fir_Tree IH91-2 Complete =a 5 250 1 Dia 1.265-1.305 1.654-1.690 ct 0.08 DEFAULT-5 none splib04 496

DEFAULT-5 = FD-FIT>0.6 DEPTH-FIT>0.7 FITALL>0.5





Appendix A, Table 8

DEFAULT parameter definitions



DEFAULT-1 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]

DEFAULT-2 = FD-FIT>[GLBLFDFIT] DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFITg2] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]



DEFAULT-3 = DEPTH-FIT>[GLBLDPFIT] FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]



DEFAULT-4 = FD-FIT>0.4 DEPTH-FIT>0.4 FITALL>[GLBLFITALL]

DEFAULT-5 = FD-FIT>0.6 DEPTH-FIT>0.7 FITALL>0.5

DEFAULT-6 = FD-FIT>0.7 DEPTH-FIT>0.8 FITALL>0.6





GLBLFITALL = 0.2

GLBLFDFIT = 0.3

GLBLDPFIT = 0.5

GLBLDPFITg2= 0.65



GREENVEG = material 1, Table 0

DRYVEG = material 103, Table 2

KALUNITE1 = material 104, Table 2

KALUNITE2 = material 105, Table 2

NAALUNITE1= material 107, Table 2

MUSCOVITE1= material 117, Table 2

MUSCOVITE2= material 119, Table 2

MONTSWY = material 126, Table 2

MONTSAZ = material 127, Table 2




Phone email and regular mail addresses of spectroscopy lab personnel for further information.

U.S. Geological Survey, a bureau of the U.S. Department of the Interior
This page URL= http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov/PAPERS.tetracorder.2000/app.a.tables.html
This page is maintained by: Dr. Roger N. Clark rclark@speclab.cr.usgs.gov
Last modified Feb 15, 2002.